EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Compositions of Ba-Cl-rich micas and other uncommon phases related to metasomatism of garnet pyroxenite (Gföhl unit of the Moldanubian Domain, Bohemian Massif)

Tereza Zelinková1, Martin Racek1, and Rainer Abart2
Tereza Zelinková et al.
  • 1Charles University, Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Czechia
  • 2University of Vienna, Department of Lithospheric Research, Austria

Uncommon Ba-Cl-rich phases including Ba-Cl micas and Cl-phosphates have been found in garnet pyroxenites as a part of the matrix or in polyphase inclusions in garnets. Polyphase inclusions are rich in carbonates (dolomite, magnesite, norshetite), phosphates (Cl-apatite, goryainovite (Ca2PO4Cl), monazite) and other silicates (spinel, amphibole, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, margarite, aspidolite, scapolite, cordierite). The inclusions appear as chains crosscutting garnet crystals and their presence is not linked with any chemical zoning in the host garnet.

The Ba-Cl-rich mica has composition ranging from Ba-rich phlogopite to chloroferrokinoshitalite and to oxykinoshitalite. The mica present in the matrix correspond to Ba-rich phlogopite with low Cl contents and occur together with celsian and low-Cl hydroxyl apatite. The mica in the polyphase inclusions ranges to almost pure chloroferrokinoshitalite and oxykinoshitalite endmembers and coexists either with Cl-apatite (Cl = 1.2 apfu) or rarely goryainovite containing up to 2.5 wt% of SrO. This is second world occurrence of goryainovite and first evidence that Ca can be partially replaced by Sr in this mineral.

Special attention was paid to the composition trends of the Ba-Cl-rich micas. These are mainly related to the XFe ratio, which correlates positively with Cl, Ba, and Al and negatively with Si and Na. Positive correlation of Cl with Ba and XFe leads to the formation of mica with composition Ba0.95K0.03Fe2.69Mg0.37Al1.91Si2.02Cl1.98, XFe0.88, which is the most Cl-rich mica so far described from natural samples (10.98 wt% Cl) and is very close to the theoretical formula of chloroferrokinoshitalite BaFe3Al2Si2O10Cl2. The positive correlation of Ba with Al and their negative correlation with Si and K is corresponding to the coupled substitution Ba1Al1K-1Si-1 linking the composition of phlogopite and kinoshitalite. Composition trend related with the Ti-content shows that Ti correlates positively with Ba but negatively with Cl, XFe, and with the sum of Mg and Fe. It implies that Ti is incorporated into mica in coordination with O (Ti1O2(Mg,Fe2+)-1(OH)-2) and it leads to the formation of oxykinoshitalite (BaMg2TiSi2Al2O12). Since the incorporation of either Cl or Ti + O correlates with XFe content of mica, XFe ratio can be the crucial factor controlling the ability of mica to incorporate Cl into its crystal lattice. In some cases, two micas with contrasting composition corresponding closer to chloroferrokinoshitalite or oxykinoshitalite coexist in one polyphase inclusion, demonstrated by distinct content of XFe, Ti and Cl (for example: XFe0.20:0.77, Ba0.48:0.63, Ti0.35:0.02, Cl0.27:1.45). This could imply the existence of an immiscibility between the composition trends of chloroferrokinoshitalite and oxykinoshitalite .

Such Ba, Cl and K-rich phases are atypical for garnet pyroxenite. Their presence may be caused by the injection of fluid/melt of crustal source during subduction and subsequent exhumation processes or may be related to earlier mantle metasomatism. The presence of Cl-rich phases together with carbonates indicates extremely high activity of Cl and CO2 in the metasomatizing fluid/melt that interacted with garnet pyroxenites.

How to cite: Zelinková, T., Racek, M., and Abart, R.: Compositions of Ba-Cl-rich micas and other uncommon phases related to metasomatism of garnet pyroxenite (Gföhl unit of the Moldanubian Domain, Bohemian Massif), EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-7935,, 2022.


Display file

Comments on the display

to access the discussion