Assessing Last Interglacial Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheet melting through forward stratigraphic derived synthetic outcrops: test case from Southwestern Madagascar
- 1MARUM – Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Germany
- 2NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Department of Coastal Systems (COS), and Utrecht University, The Netherlands
- 3Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Italy
The last interglacial (LIG), ca. 128-116 ka, is widely considered a process analogue in understanding Earth’s systems in a future warmer climate. In particular, significant effort has been made to better constrain ice sheet contributions to sea level rise through direct field observation of relative sea level (RSL) indicators. In order to extract the RSL, a series of corrections for formational parameters and post-depositional processes need to be applied. Along tropical coastal margins, LIG RSL observations are predominately based on exposed shallow coral reef sequences due to their relatively narrow indicative range and reliable U-series chronological constraints. However, the often-limited sub-stadial temporal preservation of many Pleistocene reef sequences on stable coastlines restrict many reported RSLs to a series of distinct points in within the LIG. This in turn, limits ability to elucidate different commonly reported meter-scale sub-stadial sea level peak patterns and their associated uncertainties. In order to address this shortcoming, lithostratigraphic and geomorphologic traces are often used to place RSLs into a broader context. Unfortunately, this is often subjective, with significant reliance on field observations where missing facies and incomplete sequences can distort interpretations. Stepping back from a conventional approach, in this study we generate a spectrum of synthetic Quaternary subtropical fringing reefs in southwestern Madagascar within the DIONISOS forward stratigraphic model environment. Each reef sequence has been subjected to distinct Greenland and Antarctica melt scenarios produced by a coupled ANICE-SELEN global isostatic adjustment model, matching previously hypothesized LIG sea level curves in the Indo-Pacific Basin. The resulting suite of synthetic reef sequences provides the ability to probabilistically test any number of melt scenarios against the sensitivity of the stratigraphic record. We propose this accessible additional quantitative quality control during the final interpretation phase of establishing emergent reef sequence based LIG RSL indicators can assist in narrowing down the wide uncertainty surrounding inter-stadial ice sheet behaviors.
How to cite: Boyden, P., Stocchi, P., and Rovere, A.: Assessing Last Interglacial Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheet melting through forward stratigraphic derived synthetic outcrops: test case from Southwestern Madagascar, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-8270, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8270, 2022.