EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Spatial deployment of Nature-based Solutions to support carbon neutrality for 50 EU cities. 

Haozhi Pan1, Jessica Page2, Cong Cong3, and Zahra Kalantari4
Haozhi Pan et al.
  • 1Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
  • 2Stockholm University, Sweden
  • 3Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
  • 4KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Clear implementing plan for Nature-based solutions (NBS) beyond conceptualization is critical for successful in mitigating urban carbon emissions. In this paper, we demonstrate an approach to deploy nature-based solutions on high-resolution (25x25-meter) land use grid and its carbon emission reduction benefits for 50 major European Union (EU) cities. The deployment process takes 3 parts: 1) downgrading carbon emission data with larger spatial scales (10x10km GID data) to high-resolution cells using land use and socioeconomic data; 2) identifying opportunities and suitability of deploying NBS on these land use cells from a database with meta-analysis on the emission reduction potentials of different types of NBS; 3) Estimating total carbon emission potentials from spatial deployment and coupling of of multiple NBS with parametric simulation. Our results indicate that vast areas of urbanized and un-urbanized lands in EU cities can apply NBS to further mitigate carbon emissions. The reduction potential is huge and can contribute to a critical wedge of carbon neutrality.     

How to cite: Pan, H., Page, J., Cong, C., and Kalantari, Z.: Spatial deployment of Nature-based Solutions to support carbon neutrality for 50 EU cities. , EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-8613,, 2022.


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