EGU22-8946
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8946
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Effects of environmental filtering and PFT-based model parameterization approaches on NBE prediction errors across the globe

Caroline A. Famiglietti1, Matthew Worden1, Gregory R. Quetin2, T. Luke Smallman3, Uma Dayal1, A. Anthony Bloom4, Mathew Williams3, and Alexandra G. Konings1
Caroline A. Famiglietti et al.
  • 1Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, USA
  • 2Department of Geography, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, USA
  • 3School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 4Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA

Accurate forecasts of net biosphere exchange (NBE) are vital for understanding the role of terrestrial ecosystems in a changing climate. It is therefore problematic that NBE projections from most state-of-the-art terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) diverge considerably from one another. Efforts to reduce this divergence have historically focused on improving models’ structural realism, but several lines of evidence have brought the role of poorly determined and/or over-generalized parameters into sharper focus. Here we investigate how different parameterization assumptions propagate into NBE prediction errors across the globe. To do so, we simulate two methods for parameter assignment within a flexible model–data fusion framework (CARDAMOM): (a) the traditional plant functional type (PFT)-based approach, whereby parameters retrieved at a small number of select locations are applied broadly within regions sharing similar land cover characteristics; and (b) a novel top-down “environmental filtering” (EF) approach, whereby a pixel’s parameters are predicted based on relationships with climate, soil, and canopy properties. In an effort to isolate the role of parametric from structural uncertainty, we benchmark the resulting PFT-based and EF-based NBE predictions with estimates from a Bayesian optimization approach (whereby “true” parameters consistent with a suite of data constraints are retrieved on a pixel-by-pixel basis). We find that the EF-based approach outperforms the PFT-based approach at twice as many pixels as the converse and across multiple performance metrics. However, NBE estimates from the EF-based approach may be more susceptible to compensation between errors in component flux predictions. This work provides insight into the relationship between TBM performance and parametric uncertainty, informing efforts to improve model parameterization via nontraditional approaches.

How to cite: Famiglietti, C. A., Worden, M., Quetin, G. R., Smallman, T. L., Dayal, U., Bloom, A. A., Williams, M., and Konings, A. G.: Effects of environmental filtering and PFT-based model parameterization approaches on NBE prediction errors across the globe, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-8946, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8946, 2022.

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