EGU22-8948, updated on 28 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Decrease of anthropogenic emission from aviation and detection of natural hazards with potential application in geosciences using satellite sensors, ground-based networks and model forecasts in the context of the SACS/ALARM early warning system

Hugues Brenot1, Nicolas Theys1, Erwin de Donder1, Lieven Clarisse2, Pierre de Buyl3, Nicolas Clerbaux3, Simone Dietmüller4, Sigrun Matthes4, Volker Grewe4, Sandy Chkeir5, Alessandra Mascitell5, Aikaterini Anesiadou5, Riccardo Biondi5, Igor Mahorčič6, Tatjana Bolić6,7, Ritthik Bhattacharya8, Tim Winter8, Adam Durant8,9, Michel Van Roozendael1, and Manuel Soler10
Hugues Brenot et al.
  • 1Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Brussels, Belgium
  • 2Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium
  • 3Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium (KMI-IRM), Brussels, Belgium
  • 4German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
  • 5University of Padova, Italy
  • 6SymOpt, Trieste, Italy
  • 7University of Westminster, UK
  • 8SATAVIA, Cambridge, UK
  • 9Michigan Technological University (MTU), Houghton, USA
  • 10University Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M), Spain

Aviation safety can be jeopardised by multiple hazards arising from natural phenomena, e.g., severe weather, aerosols/gases from natural hazard, space weather. Furthermore, there is the anthropogenic emissions and climate impact of aviation, that could be reduced. The use of satellite sensors, ground-based networks, and model forecasts is essential to detect and mitigate the risk of airborne hazards for aviation, as flying through them can have a strong impact on engines (abrasion and damages caused by aerosols) and on the health of passengers (e.g. due to associated hazardous trace gases).

The goal of this work is to give an overview of the alert data products in development in the ALARM SESAR H2020 Exploratory Research project. The overall objective of ALARM (multi-hAzard monitoring and earLy wARning system; is to develop a prototype global multi-hazard monitoring and Early Warning System (EWS), building upon SACS (Support to Aviation Control Service; This work presents the creation of alert data products, which have a potential use in geosciences (e.g. meteorology, climatology, volcanology). These products include observational data, alert flagging and tailored information (e.g., height of hazard and contamination of flight level – FL). We provide information about the threat to aviation, but also notifications for geoscience applications. Three different manners are produced, i.e., early warning (with geolocation, level of severity, quantification, …), nowcasting (up to 2 hours), and forecasting (from 2 to 48 hours) of hazard evolution at different FLs. Note that nowcasting and forecasting concerns SO2 contamination at FL around selected airports and the risk of environmental hotspots. This study shows the detection of 4 types of risks and weather-related phenomena, for which our EWS generates homogenised NetCDF Alert Products (NCAP) data. The first type is the near real-time detection of recent volcanic plumes, smoke from wildfires, and desert dust clouds, and the interest of combining geostationary and polar orbiting satellite observations. For the second type, ALARM EWS uses satellite and ground-based (GB) observations, and model forecasts to create NCAP related to real-time space weather activity. Exploratory research is developed by ALARM partners to improve detection of a third type of risk, i.e., the initiation of small-scale deep convection (under 2 km) around airports. GNSS data (ground-based networks and radio-occultations), lightning and radar data, are used to implement NCAP data (designed with the objective of bringing relevant information for improving nowcasts around airports). The fourth type is related to the detection of environmental hotspots, which describe regions that are strongly sensitive to aviation emissions. ALARM partners investigate the climate impact of aviation emissions with respect to the actual atmospheric synoptical condition, by relying on algorithmic Climate Change Functions (a-CCFs). These a-CCFs describe the climate impact of individual non-CO2 forcing compounds (contrails, nitrogen oxide and water vapour) as function of time, geographical location and cruise altitude.


ALARM has received funding from the SESAR Joint Undertaking (JU) under grant agreement No 891467. The JU receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and the SESAR JU members other than the Union.

How to cite: Brenot, H., Theys, N., de Donder, E., Clarisse, L., de Buyl, P., Clerbaux, N., Dietmüller, S., Matthes, S., Grewe, V., Chkeir, S., Mascitell, A., Anesiadou, A., Biondi, R., Mahorčič, I., Bolić, T., Bhattacharya, R., Winter, T., Durant, A., Van Roozendael, M., and Soler, M.: Decrease of anthropogenic emission from aviation and detection of natural hazards with potential application in geosciences using satellite sensors, ground-based networks and model forecasts in the context of the SACS/ALARM early warning system, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-8948,, 2022.


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