EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Quiet Time Suprathermals Across Solar Cycle 23 & 24: Abundances and Spectral Indices

Benjamin L. Alterman1, Mihir I. Desai1, Maher Dayeh1, Glen M. Mason2, and George Ho2
Benjamin L. Alterman et al.
  • 1Space Science and Engineering, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78238, USA
  • 2Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD 20723, USA

We report on the annual variation of quiet-time suprathermal ion composition and spectral properties for C-Fe using Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE)/Ultra-Low Energy Isotope Spectrometer (ULEIS) data over the energy range 0.3 MeV/nuc to 1.28 MeV/nuc from 1998 through 2019. We show that (1) the number of quiet-time hours strongly anti-correlates with the annual Sunspot Number (SSN) at the -0.95 level; (2) a clear ordering of the cross correlation between abundance (normalized to O) and SSN as a function of solar wind mass-per-charge M/Q; (3) the slope of X/O abundance as a function of Fe/C decreases with increasing M/Q; and (4) annual spectral indices γ = 2.5 independent of solar activity and M/Q. We also discuss the trend of annual spectral indices with respect to Oxygen’s spectral index as a function of solar cycle and M/Q. Using our quiet time selection methods, we show that our results are robust against our quiet time selection criterion.

How to cite: Alterman, B. L., Desai, M. I., Dayeh, M., Mason, G. M., and Ho, G.: Quiet Time Suprathermals Across Solar Cycle 23 & 24: Abundances and Spectral Indices, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-8953,, 2022.


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