EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

An adaptive-triangular fully coupled 3D ice-sheet–sea-level model

Jorjo Bernales1, Tijn Berends1, and Roderik van de Wal1,2
Jorjo Bernales et al.
  • 1Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands (
  • 2Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Regional sea-level change and the deformation of the solid Earth can lead to important feedbacks on the long- and short-term evolution and stability of ice sheets. A rigorous manner of accounting for these feedbacks in model-based ice-sheet reconstructions and projections, is to establish a two-way coupling between an ice-sheet and a sea-level model. However, the individual requirements of each of these two components such as a global, long ice sheet load history or a high ice-model resolution over critical sectors of an ice sheet are at present not easy to combine in terms of computational feasibility. Here, we present a coupling between the ice-sheet model UFEMISM, which solves a range of approximations of the stress balance on a dynamically adaptive irregular triangular mesh, and the gravitationally self-consistent sea-level model SELEN, which incorporates the glacial isostatic adjustment for a radially symmetric, viscoelastic and rotating Earth, including coastline migration. We show global simulations over glacial cycles, including the North American, Eurasian, Greenland, and Antarctic ice sheets, and compare its performance and results against commonly used alternatives.

How to cite: Bernales, J., Berends, T., and van de Wal, R.: An adaptive-triangular fully coupled 3D ice-sheet–sea-level model, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-9485,, 2022.