EGU22-9499, updated on 28 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Comparing the performances of Pedotransfer Functions with Hydrus 1D Inverse Parameters Estimation in a deep cultivated sahelian soil

Djim M L Diongue1, Frederic C Do2,4, Christine Stumpp3, Didier Orange2,4, Christophe Jourdan4,5,6, Sidy Sow4,5,7, Serigne Faye1, and Olivier Roupsard4,5,6
Djim M L Diongue et al.
  • 1University Cheikh Anta Diop, Geology Departement, Senegal
  • 2IRD, UMR Eco&Sols, Univ Montpellier, CIRAD-INRAE-IRD-Institut Agro Montpellier, France
  • 3University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, Institute for Soil Physics and Rural Water Management, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria
  • 4LMI IESOL, IRD, ISRA, Dakar (Senegal)
  • 5CIRAD, UMR Eco&Sols, BP1386, CP18524, Dakar, Senegal
  • 6Eco&Sols, Univ Montpellier, CIRAD, INRAE, IRD, Institut Agro Montpellier, Montpellier, France
  • 7Université Gaston Berger, Saint Louis, Sénégal

Knowledge about soil water balance and ecosystem water partitioning is crucial for managing soils in semi-arid areas like the Sahel, but hydraulic parameters are hardly available to run either parsimonious or detailed process models. This study aims at bridging this parameterization gap in a typical deep (> 2m) loamy sand soil from the groundnut basin in Senegal[1]. Five approaches of soil hydraulic parameterization with a range of different complexity were compared: (1) the lookup table of Carsel and Parrish (1988) that use only the soil texture class known as “Class PTFs”, (2) Rosetta PTFs from only topsoil characterization, (3) Rosetta PTFs with a detailed multilayer soil characterization, and inverse estimation from soil moisture using Hydrus-1D, considering the soil column either as (4) a single soil material and (5) with three-layered soil material. We compared the predicted (i) soil water content (SWC) with high-frequency measurements from 15 cm down to 200 cm deep and (ii) actual evapotranspiration (ET) with Eddy Covariance (EC) data during four consecutive growing seasons under a rotation of pearl millet and peanut crops. The simplest methods (1 & 2) resulted in a significant bias of the predicted SWC, with, however, some predictive ability of Method 2 to simulate the general trends of Swc, especially under peanut crops. Method 3 behaved reasonably with average RMSE for SWC, varying between 0.029 and 0.023 cm-3 cm-3. Method 4 further improved the predictions with RMSE ranging from 0.013 to 0.020 cm-3 cm-3. The best agreement was found under peanut using Method 5 (RMSE ≤ 0.013 cm3 cm-3). Methods 3, 4 or 5 behaved satisfactorily for predicting ET whatever the crop, e.g. Method 4 (RMSE= 0.05 cm day-1, NSE= 0.9 and R²= 0.93) for pearl millet.

We showed that inverse modelling should be preferred over using PTFs when studying water fluxes and evapotranspiration in cultivated Sahelian soils.

[1] Faidherbia-Flux (FLUXNET: SN-Nkr):

How to cite: Diongue, D. M. L., Do, F. C., Stumpp, C., Orange, D., Jourdan, C., Sow, S., Faye, S., and Roupsard, O.: Comparing the performances of Pedotransfer Functions with Hydrus 1D Inverse Parameters Estimation in a deep cultivated sahelian soil, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-9499,, 2022.

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