EGU22-9931, updated on 28 Mar 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9931
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Characterizing soil-plant interactions under heterogeneous micro-irrigated citrus orchards

Daniela Vanella1, Giuseppe Longo-Minnolo2, Juan Miguel Ramírez-Cuesta3, Domenico Longo1, Alessandro D'Emilio1, and Simona Consoli1
Daniela Vanella et al.
  • 1Dipartimento di Agricoltura, Alimentazione, Ambiente (Di3A), Università degli Studi di Catania, Via S. Sofia, 100–95123 Catania (Italy)
  • 2International Doctorate in Agricultural, Food and Environmental Science - Di3A - University of Catania (Italy)
  • 3Ecology Department, (CSIC-UV-GVA), Desertification Research Center (CIDE), Carretera CV-315 km 10.7, 46113 Moncada (Spain)

The increased water demand from the irrigated agriculture sector calls for the introduction of more efficient water saving strategies in order to maintain sustainable crop production. This need is particularly urgent in Mediterranean climate areas, already deeply affected by water scarcity and soil depletion issues. In this context, the use of advanced near surface geophysics monitoring techniques can help to characterize the temporal and spatial soil physics dynamics and the related soil moisture processes active at the root-zone level aiming at optimizing the irrigation management.

In this study, the electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) technique was applied for characterizing the mass exchange mechanisms acting within the soil-plant system of heterogeneous micro-irrigated orchards. In particular, repeated ERI surveys were carried out in a citrus orchard (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck), located in Eastern Sicily, southern Italy, characterized by the presence of crop heterogeneity features within the same plant framework, both in terms of variety and age (i.e. 3-year old Tarocco Ippolito and 8 year-old Tarocco Nucellare Scirè, respectively).

The time-lapse ERI monitoring has permitted to identify specific wetting fronts and root water uptake (RWU) patterns effective in the soil / root system during dynamic condition (i.e. an irrigation cycle), mostly affected by the complex nonlinear interactions (i.e., soil evaporation, RWU and soil water redistribution) operating under crop heterogeneous conditions. Moreover, the use of soil moisture sensors installed in situ has permitted to identify a clear relationship between the changes in the soil water content observed in the field and the soil electrical resistivity (ER) characteristics with reference to the different types of analysed tree crops (with overall R2 value of 0.63). Specifically, it has been observed that the soil evaporative process, represented by an increasing of ER values, was greater in the younger citrus trees due to their lower vegetation groundcover and roots development. While, the greater soil moisture changes (resulting in greater ER decreasing patterns) occurred for the mature tree crops, characterized by higher root biomass, because its initial soil water condition was lower in comparison to the young tree crops.

How to cite: Vanella, D., Longo-Minnolo, G., Ramírez-Cuesta, J. M., Longo, D., D'Emilio, A., and Consoli, S.: Characterizing soil-plant interactions under heterogeneous micro-irrigated citrus orchards, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-9931, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9931, 2022.