EGU22-9978
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9978
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Quantifying the contribution of grassland and paludiculture to carbon fluxes from a single eddy covariance tower in a Dutch peatland

Alexander Buzacott1, Hidde Mulder1, Merit van den Berg1, Bart Kruijt2, and Ype van der Velde1
Alexander Buzacott et al.
  • 1Earth and Climate, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands (a.j.v.buzacott@vu.nl)
  • 2Water Systems and Global Change, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands

Peatlands across the Netherlands have been drained or disturbed for several hundred years. The resulting oxidation of peat releases large amounts of carbon to the atmosphere which turns peatlands into a carbon source rather than a sink. Rewetting peatlands reduces, or stops, carbon losses by inhibiting peat mineralisation, and can even lead to carbon sequestration. The rewetting of natural peatlands frequently causes helophytisation, where tall helophytes, such as Typha latifolia, establish themselves. There is interest in paludiculture (i.e., growing crops such as Typha on submerged or extremely wet soils) as a way to reverse peatland degradation and sequester carbon, while possibly retaining some agricultural value. Uncertainties remain about the impact of rewetting and helophytisation of peatlands and how well the strategy will help the Netherlands achieve its commitments to reduce carbon emissions. 

In this presentation, we compare the carbon budgets of a rewetted peatland covered with Typha latifolia to the surrounding grassland (Lolium perenne). The Typha field has an area of 3600 m2 and is managed to optimise yield by having a water table above the surface, applications of fertiliser, and is harvested once per year. CO2 and CH4 fluxes were estimated using data collected by the eddy covariance (EC) method for close to two years at the experimental field site Zegveld in the west of the Netherlands. The EC tower is located at the interface of the contrasting land uses, such that the source of the flux is dependent on the wind direction. For each timestep, we estimate the relative contribution of the different land uses by using the flux footprint. Gap-filled carbon fluxes were obtained using flux-contribution mixing models and subsequently the carbon budgets for each land use were estimated. The results indicate an increased CO2uptake, but larger CH4 emissions, over the Typha plot compared to the grassland. This CH4 flux significantly reduces the gain achieved by reducing oxidation through soil wetting.

How to cite: Buzacott, A., Mulder, H., van den Berg, M., Kruijt, B., and van der Velde, Y.: Quantifying the contribution of grassland and paludiculture to carbon fluxes from a single eddy covariance tower in a Dutch peatland, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-9978, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9978, 2022.