ST3.6

Vertical Coupling in the Atmosphere-Ionosphere System

The upper and middle atmosphere is subject to a combination of dynamics,
e.g., fluid-dynamic, chemical, and electrodynamical processes. These
processes drive vertical interactions among different atmospheric regions on
a broad range of spatial and temporal scales through various mechanisms,
including atmospheric circulation and waves (e.g., planetary waves, tides,
gravity waves), recurring patterns (the El Niño–southern oscillation and the
quasi-biennial oscillation), transient phenomena (e.g., sudden stratospheric
warming), and long-term trends. The current session aims to emphasize the
recent contributions on vertical coupling within the atmosphere-ionosphere
system. We invite relevant papers on methodologies, theory, modeling,
experiment, and observations of different aspects.

Convener: Maosheng He | Co-conveners: Yosuke Yamazaki, Larisa Goncharenko, Subramanian Gurubaran, Loren Chang
Presentations
| Fri, 27 May, 15:10–16:40 (CEST)
 
Room 1.14

Session assets

Session materials Session summary

Presentations: Fri, 27 May | Room 1.14

Chairpersons: Maosheng He, Yosuke Yamazaki
15:10–15:15
15:15–15:20
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EGU22-3361
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ECS
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Virtual presentation
Xu Zhou
Ionospheric day‐to‐day variability is ubiquitous, even under undisturbed geomagnetic and solar conditions. In this paper, quiet‐time day‐to‐day variability of equatorial vertical E × B drift is investigated using observations from ROCSAT‐1 satellite and the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere eXtension (WACCM‐X) v2.1 simulations. Both observations and model simulations illustrate that the day‐to‐day variability reaches the maximum at dawn, and the variability of dawn drift is largest around June solstice at ~90–180°W. However, there are signifificant challenges to reproduce the observed magnitude of the variability and the longitude distributions at other seasons. Using a standalone electro‐dynamo model, we fifind that the day‐to‐day variability of neutral winds in the E‐region (≤~130 km) is the primary driver of the day‐to‐day variability of dawn drift. Ionospheric conductivity modulates the drift variability responses to the E‐region wind variability, thereby determining its strength as well as its seasonal and longitudinal variations. Further, the day‐to‐day variability of dawn drift induced by individual tidal components of winds in June are examined: DW1, SW2, D0, and SW1 are the most important contributors.

How to cite: Zhou, X.: Quiet‐Time Day‐to‐Day Variability of Equatorial Vertical E × B Drift From Atmosphere Perturbations at Dawn, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-3361, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-3361, 2022.

15:20–15:25
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EGU22-8318
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ECS
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Presentation form not yet defined
Jing Liu, Donghe Zhang, Yongqiang Hao, and Zuo Xiao

The ionosphere exhibits enhanced semi-diurnal lunitidal (M2) perturbations during sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events, of which the manifestation and mechanism are not well documented and understood. We studied the latitudinal and interhemispheric variations of the ionospheric M2 perturbations during the 2009 SSW with total electron content (TEC) data in the American and eastern Asia-Australia sectors. Results show that the M2 perturbations in the two sectors all enhanced during the SSW. The largest M2 amplitudes in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres appear at about 15°N and 20°S geomagnetic latitudes, respectively, with stronger magnitude in the Northern Hemisphere. Also, M2 perturbations in the two sectors all extend to middle latitudes only in the Southern Hemisphere and show local maxima around 35~40°S geomagnetic latitudes. The similar latitudinal and interhemispheric variations of the low-latitude M2 perturbtations in the two sectors indicate that such variations may be mainly caused by the meridional wind modulation on the equatorial plasma fountain. Meanwhile, the longitudinal differences are also noticeable. The TEC M2 amplitude in the American sector is obviously larger than that in the eastern Asia-Australia sector, especially in the southern middle latitude. The M2 perturbations in the American southern middle latitude may be influenced by the combined effect of the zonal wind and local positive magnetic declination in the Weddell Sea Anomaly region.

How to cite: Liu, J., Zhang, D., Hao, Y., and Xiao, Z.: The latitudinal and interhemispheric variations of the ionospheric M2 perturbations during the 2009 SSW in the American and eastern Asia-Australia sectors, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-8318, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8318, 2022.

15:25–15:30
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EGU22-11510
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ECS
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Virtual presentation
Gourav Mitra, Amitava Guharay, Paulo Batista, and Ricardo Buriti

Planetary wave (PW) associated dynamical variability in the equatorial and extratropical middle atmosphere during the September 2019 Southern hemisphere minor sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) is investigated utilizing meteor radar wind observations from São João do Cariri (7.4°S, 36.5°W) and Cachoeira Paulista (22.7°S, 45°W) and reanalysis data. Signature of the mesospheric warming in conjunction with the stratospheric cooling is found at low latitudes. The strong westerly wind at low latitudes decelerates notably near 65 km at the onset of the warming episode, although no wind reversal is observed. The wind spectra reveal a prevalent quasi-16-day wave (Q16DW) prior to the SSW and existence of a quasi-6-day wave (Q6DW) after the warming event. Possible existence of barotropic/baroclinic instability in the low and mid latitude middle atmosphere may be responsible for exciting the Q6DW. The traveling PW is primarily found to travel westward corresponding to zonal wavenumber 1 and 2. Furthermore, significant latitudinal mixing of airmass between the tropics and high latitudes is evident in the potential vorticity map. The Eliassen-Palm flux diagnosis shows the propagation of the Q6DW and Q16DW from mid to low latitudes during the warming event.

How to cite: Mitra, G., Guharay, A., Batista, P., and Buriti, R.: Response of the traveling planetary waves at low latitude middle atmosphere during September 2019 minor sudden stratospheric warming, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-11510, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-11510, 2022.

15:30–15:35
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EGU22-9390
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ECS
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Virtual presentation
Ashish Jadhav, Gurubaran Subramanian, and Parashram Patil

The coupled response of the atmosphere-ionosphere system to planetary waves propagating from below has been observed through MF and Meteor radars at different longitudes along with the ground geomagnetic data from 23 stations of Northern (NH) and Southern Hemisphere (SH) during northern winter months of January, 2015 and 2017. The focus is on delineating the quasi-2-day (Q2DW) and quasi-6-day wave signatures in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) and in ionospheric Sq currents besides deciphering their effects on the overall neutral dynamics at low latitudes. Analysis extended to longitudinally separated stations confirms the penetration of these planetary waves into the ionosphere either directly or indirectly through interaction with other wave modes in the MLT region.

How to cite: Jadhav, A., Subramanian, G., and Patil, P.: Planetary wave activity observed in atmosphere-ionosphere system over low latitudes, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-9390, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9390, 2022.

15:35–15:40
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EGU22-1317
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Presentation form not yet defined
Jaroslav Chum, Mariano Fagre, Katerina Podolska, and Jan Rusz

     Gravity waves (GW) couple various atmospheric layers and influence dynamics of the region in which they dissipate their energy. Attenuation of GW is in this contribution calculated from the ratio of GW kinetic energies observed at different heights by multi-frequency and multi-point continuous Doppler sounding that allows three-dimensional (3D) analysis of GW propagation in the ionosphere. It is shown that the attenuation of GWs increases with height, which is consistent with the hypothesis that mainly viscous damping and losses due to thermal conductivity are responsible for the wave attenuation in the thermosphere/ionosphere. The kinematic viscosity of the highly rarefied air at the height of observation is estimated from the observed attenuation with altitude and complex dispersion relation for GWs that includes viscosity and thermal conductivity, which is linked with the viscosity via Prandtl number. The intrinsic (wind rest frame) characteristics of GW that enter the dispersion relation are obtained after subtracting the neutral wind velocities from the observed phase velocities using HWM-14 wind model. A more detailed modelling of GW attenuation will be done in the future. 

How to cite: Chum, J., Fagre, M., Podolska, K., and Rusz, J.: Attenuation of gravity waves and kinetic viscosity in the ionosphere, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-1317, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-1317, 2022.

15:40–15:45
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EGU22-1942
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ECS
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On-site presentation
Sahar Sobhkhiz-Miandehi, Yosuke Yamazaki, Christina Arras, Yasunobu Miyoshi, and Hiroyuki Shinagawa

Sporadic E or Es is a transient phenomenon where thin layers of enhanced electron density appear in the ionospheric E region (90-120 km altitude). Es can influence radio propagation, and its global characteristics have been of great interest to radio communications and navigations. The presence of neutral wind shear caused by atmospheric tides will lead ions to converge at E-region heights and form Es layers.The neutral wind shear caused by atmospheric tides can lead ions to converge vertically at E-region heights and form the Es layers. This research aims to determine the role of atmospheric solar and lunar tides in Es occurrence. For this purpose, radio occultation data of FORMASAT-3/COSMIC have been used, which provides complete global coverage of Es events. Moreover, GAIA model simulations have been employed to evaluate the vertical ion convergence induced by solar tides. The results show both migrating and non-migrating solar tidal signatures and the semidiurnal migrating lunar tidal signature in Es occurrence. The seasonal variations of the diurnal and semidiurnal solar migrating components of Es are in good agreement with those in the zonal wind shear. Furthermore, some non-migrating components of solar tides also have a significant effect on the Es occurrence rate.

How to cite: Sobhkhiz-Miandehi, S., Yamazaki, Y., Arras, C., Miyoshi, Y., and Shinagawa, H.: Comparison of the Tidal Signatures in Sporadic E and Vertical Ion Convergence Rate, Using FORMASAT-3/COSMIC Radio Occultation Observations and GAIA Model, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-1942, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-1942, 2022.

15:45–15:50
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EGU22-11327
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ECS
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Virtual presentation
Tarique Adnan Siddiqui, Claudia Stolle, and Yosuke Yamazaki

In this study, the variability of migrating solar diurnal (DW1) tide in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) region during Northern and Southern Hemisphere (NH & SH) Sudden Stratospheric Warmings (SSWs) is investigated using Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) temperature  observations and reanalysis-driven Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X) simulations. The periods examined include four major NH SSWs that occurred during January in 2006, 2009, 2010 and 2013 and two SH SSWs that were recorded in September in 2002 and 2019. Our analysis shows that the observed DW1 tide displays a marked decline in the equatorial region after the onset of NH and SH SSWs. As WACCM-X simulations qualitatively reproduce this feature of DW1 tidal variability common to both NH and SH SSWs, they have been used to examine the possible mechanism that could explain these observations in DW1 tide. It is known that changes in the latitudinal shear of zonal winds at low-latitudes strongly affect the seasonal variation of DW1 tide in the MLT. We explore this mechanism to show that SSW-associated changes in the latitudinal shear in the MLT could be used to explain the observed variability of DW1 tide during NH and SH SSWs.

How to cite: Siddiqui, T. A., Stolle, C., and Yamazaki, Y.: Migrating solar diurnal tidal variability during Northern and Southern Hemisphere Sudden Stratospheric Warmings, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-11327, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-11327, 2022.

15:50–15:55
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EGU22-880
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On-site presentation
Michal Kozubek, Jan Lastovicka, Jaroslav Chum, Tereza Sindelarova, Katerina Podolska, Lisa Kuechelbacher, Sabine Wuest, and Michael Bittner

For a better understanding of atmospheric dynamics, it is very important to know the general condition (dynamics and chemistry) in the atmosphere. Aeolus wind measurements provide wind measurements from satellite instrument. ERA 5 can produce very detailed information about dynamics without gaps in time series in high resolution (0.25°). Planetary waves (PWs) are global scale waves, which are well-known as main drivers of the large-scale weather patterns in mid-latitudes on time scales from several days up to weeks in the troposphere. When PWs break, they often cut pressure cells off the jet stream. A specific example are so-called streamer events, which occur predominantly in the mid- and high-latitudes of the lower stratosphere. Streamers are characterized by ozone-poor airmasses occuring mainly in the Northern Atlantic / European section and leading to various consequences due to a strong increase of UV radiation. We compare ERA5 reanalysis with Aeolus measurements. This comparison can bring us an answer if we can use ERA5 instead of Aeolus measurements in case of time gaps. We also use homogeneity test for ERA5 time series. Moreover, we also analyze characteristics of gravity waves (GW) in the ionosphere using continuous Doppler sounding and in the troposphere using large aperture array of microbarometers. Similarly, ground based infrasound monitoring is performed. We investigate, if there are any changes of GW or infrasound characteristics related to stratospheric processes, e.g., streamer events.

How to cite: Kozubek, M., Lastovicka, J., Chum, J., Sindelarova, T., Podolska, K., Kuechelbacher, L., Wuest, S., and Bittner, M.:  First results from comparison ERA5 and Aeolus measurements: Lidar measurements to Identify Streamers and analyze Atmospheric waves (LISA) (Aeolus+Innovation), EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-880, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-880, 2022.

15:55–16:00
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EGU22-2763
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On-site presentation
Maosheng He, Jorge L. Chau, Jeffrey M. Forbes, Xiaoli Zhang, Christoph R. Englert, Brian J. Harding, Thomas J. Immel, Lourivaldo M. Lima, S. Vijaya Bhaskar Rao, M. Venkat Ratnam, Guozhu Li, John M. Harlander, Kenneth D. Marr, and Jonathan J. Makela

In the mesosphere and lower-thermosphere, quasi-2-day waves are spectacular planetary-scale oscillations. Almost all relevant observational studies are based on ground-based single-station or single-satellite methods and, therefore, cannot determine the zonal wavenumber unambiguously. We employ a series of multi-station methods on winds measured by four longitudinally separated low-latitude ground-based radars in the current work. These methods help us to determine two dominant zonal wavenumbers at 80–100 km altitude. These results are used to complement satellite measurements. The agreement between datasets is extraordinary, allowing us to extend the characteristics of the waves to higher altitudes using satellite measurements.

The current work was published in He et al. (2021, https://doi.org/10.1029/93jd00380), which was extended into a broad altitude range up to the topside F-region in Forbes et al. (2021, https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029961).

How to cite: He, M., Chau, J. L., Forbes, J. M., Zhang, X., Englert, C. R., Harding, B. J., Immel, T. J., Lima, L. M., Rao, S. V. B., Ratnam, M. V., Li, G., Harlander, J. M., Marr, K. D., and Makela, J. J.: Quasi-2-Day Wave in Low-Latitude Atmospheric Winds as Viewed From the Ground and Space During January–March, 2020, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2763, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-2763, 2022.

16:00–16:05
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EGU22-5895
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ECS
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On-site presentation
Mani Sivakandan, Jens Mielich, Toralf Renkwitz, and Jorge L. Chau

Sporadic E (Es) is a thin layer of metallic ion plasma that forms in the E region of the Earth’s ionosphere, mostly between 90 and 125 km. It can affect the radio frequencies in the HF range of up to 30 MHz. In the mid-latitudes, the wind shear mechanism causes the formation of the Es layers. In general, solar forcing primarily controls changes in the E layer. On the other hand, the formation of the mid-latitude Es layer is driven by the wind shear associated with lower atmosphere originated wave activities. Since the formation of the Es layer is caused by the lower atmospheric forcing, it can be used as a tracer to estimate the lower atmospheric impact on the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere (UMLT). Therefore, the study of the long-term changes and trends (if any) in the E and Es layers will throw some light on the effect of the lower atmosphere and solar forcing on the UMLT region.

In the present study, we investigate the long-term variation and trends in the E region, using sixty-three years of continuous ionosonde observations over Juliusruh (54.6° N 13.4° E), Europe. Before the trend analysis, predominant long-term variations are estimated using the Lomb-Scargle periodogram analysis. We found that the annual and solar cycle oscillations are strongly present in both foE and foEs. In addition, a weak semi-annual oscillation is also noted in the foE.  Furthermore, the model time series data of foE and foEs is created using the period and amplitude of the predominant oscillations. Then, the residual value of foE and foEs is calculated by subtracting the model values from the observation. By using the least square fit analysis, the trend is estimated. Interestingly, weak negative trends in the foE and foEs are found. The plausible causative mechanism for the observed trends will be detailed in the presentation.

How to cite: Sivakandan, M., Mielich, J., Renkwitz, T., and Chau, J. L.: Long-term variations and trends in the E and sporadic E layer over Juliusruh (54° N), Europe, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-5895, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-5895, 2022.

16:05–16:10
16:10–16:20
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EGU22-10900
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solicited
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Virtual presentation
Erich Becker, Sharon L. Vadas, Larisa Goncharenko, and V. Lynn Harvey

Multi-step vertical coupling (MSVC) describes a paradigm shift regarding the role of gravity waves (GWs) in the winter middle and upper atmosphere. It is well known that primary GWs propagate into the winter stratosphere and lower mesosphere, where they dissipate. However, since this process is localized in space and intermittent, secondary GWs are generated. These propagate into the lower thermosphere, dissipate, and generate tertiary GWs and so forth. Recent modeling and observational studies showed that secondary and tertiary GWs from MSVC are the predominant GWs in the upper mesosphere and in the thermosphere during wintertime. MSVC cannot be simulated with GW parameterizations as used in conventional whole atmosphere models.

In this presentation, we describe the HIgh Altitude Mechanistic general Circulation Model (HIAMCM), which resolves medium-scale GWs from the surface up to z~450 km, including MSVC induced by primary GWs from jets, fronts, and orography. This is made possible by combining a sufficiently high spatial resolution with advanced methods for turbulent and molecular diffusion. Furthermore, the HIAMCM can be nudged to MERRA-2 reanalysis in the troposphere and stratosphere. The nudging is performed in spectral space and restricted to horizontal wavelenghs larger than ~1500-2000 km. As a result, the generation, propagation, and dissipation of resolved GWs is not affected by the nudging and simulated like in the free-running model. We present recent applications of the HIAMCM regarding 1) the role of secondary GWs in the winter polar mesopause region, 2) the wintertime thermospheric GW hotspot over the Southern Andes/Antarctic Peninsula, and 3) the southward propagation of thermospheric GWs during daytime (as a driver for corresponding traveling ionospheric disturbances). Furthermore, we contrast the MSVC during the strong polar vortex period in December 2016 to the MSVC during the sudden stratospheric warming in January/February 2017.

How to cite: Becker, E., Vadas, S. L., Goncharenko, L., and Harvey, V. L.: Multi-step vertical coupling from the troposphere to the thermosphere due to gravity waves, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-10900, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-10900, 2022.

16:20–16:25
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EGU22-6823
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Presentation form not yet defined
Larisa Goncharenko, V Lynn Harvey, Chihoko Cullens, Erich Becker, Shun-Rong Zhang, and Anthea Coster

This study investigates the role of hotspots in stratospheric gravity waves (GWs) in the generation of traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs) at middle latitudes. We utilize observations of GWs at 35 km altitude by the Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder (AIRS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite to characterize stratospheric gravity wave activity. The evolution of GWs with altitudes extending from the stratosphere to mesosphere-lower-thermosphere (MLT) region is examined using temperature observations from the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry instrument. Ground-based total electron content observations from GNSS receivers are used to characterize TID activity in the ionosphere. Simulations by the High Altitude Mechanistic general Circulation Model (HIAMCM) that is nudged to the Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications version 2 (MERRA-2) reanalysis in the troposphere and stratosphere are used to study multi-step vertical coupling between the stratosphere and the thermosphere.  We investigate two case studies, the Arctic winter of 2016/2017 when a sudden stratospheric warming developed in January-February 2017, and the winter of 2019/2020 that was characterized by mostly strong polar vortex conditions. The hotspot in stratospheric GWs peaks at 55-75N at the edge of polar vortex and in a limited range of longitudes.  Our results indicate that GW activity evolves with altitude and expands to 35-40N in the MLT region. Amplifications of TIDs during times of high stratospheric GW activity are seen from ~25-30N to 60N. HIAMCM simulations indicate a very good agreement with observations in the timing of GW activity and latitudinal coverage. We conclude that TIDs are generally amplified during high stratospheric GW activity and weakened during the periods of low stratospheric GW activity (during and after SSW).

How to cite: Goncharenko, L., Harvey, V. L., Cullens, C., Becker, E., Zhang, S.-R., and Coster, A.: Influence of stratospheric gravity waves on TID activity at middle latitudes, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-6823, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-6823, 2022.

16:25–16:30
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EGU22-1136
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Presentation form not yet defined
V. Lynn Harvey, Nicholas Pedatella, Seebany Datta-Barua, Cora Randall, David Siskind, Katelynn Greer, and Larisa Goncharenko

The polar vortices play a central role in vertically coupling the Sun-Earth system by facilitating the descent of reactive odd nitrogen (NOx = NO + NO2) produced in the atmosphere by energetic particle precipitation (EPP-NOx). Downward transport of EPP-NOx from the mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) to the stratosphere inside the winter polar vortex is particularly impactful in the wake of prolonged sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events. This work is motivated by the fact that state-of-the-art global climate models severely underestimate EPP-NOx abundances in the polar MLT. It is not clear whether this deficiency is due to a missing NOx source or to inadequate transport processes. As a step toward understanding the transport pathways by which MLT air enters the top of the polar vortex, we explore the extent to which planetary waves impact the geographic distribution of NO near the polar winter mesopause in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension combined with data assimilation using the Data Assimilation Research Testbed (WACCMX+DART). We present planetary wave-driven NO patterns near the polar winter mesopause during 16 case studies from the Arctic winters of 2005/2006 through 2018/2019. During all cases the model is in reasonable agreement with Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) derived zonal winds and Solar Occultation For Ice Experiment (SOFIE) and Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment-Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) NO measurements. Superposed Epoch Analysis is employed to diagnose typical mesopause planetary wave behavior and vertical transport characteristics during 10 minor and 6 major SSW events. Results show that descent of NO into the top of the polar vortex is enhanced by about a factor of 4 in traveling planetary wave troughs vs. in ridges and that this planetary wave-driven enhanced NO descent occurs during both minor and major SSW events. These results present a new conceptual model of zonally varying, vs. zonally uniform, polar descent in the MLT.

How to cite: Harvey, V. L., Pedatella, N., Datta-Barua, S., Randall, C., Siskind, D., Greer, K., and Goncharenko, L.: Planetary wave-driven enhanced NO descent into the top of the Arctic polar vortex during major and minor sudden stratospheric warmings, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-1136, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-1136, 2022.

16:30–16:35
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EGU22-3552
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Presentation form not yet defined
Valery Yudin, Larisa Goncharenko, Svetlana Karol, Ruth Lieberman, Hanli Liu, Joe McInerney, and Nicholas Pedatella

The importance of the realistic predictions of the climate variability in the whole atmosphere system, vertical and horizontal teleconnections between the stratospheric QBO and SAO and ITM dynamics are now well recognized. The paper presents a brief summary of the QBO impact on the MLT neutral dynamics seen from the last decade of ITM observations and predictions by two whole atmosphere models constrained in the lower atmosphere by GEOS meteorology of NASA/GMAO. We present the initial modeling and observational evidences that the QBO-related variations in the MLT thermal tides can modulate the equatorial ionospheric anomaly wave-4 and wave-3 longitudinal structure affecting the ITM system on regional scales. Several hypotheses about the influence of the stratospheric QBO on the ionosphere due to the combined influences of migrating and non-migrating tides will be suggested based on the preliminary multi-year observational analysis of TEC data.   

How to cite: Yudin, V., Goncharenko, L., Karol, S., Lieberman, R., Liu, H., McInerney, J., and Pedatella, N.: Global Teleconnections between QBO Dynamics and ITM Anomalies, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-3552, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-3552, 2022.

16:35–16:40
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EGU22-10996
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ECS
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Virtual presentation
Zishun Qiao, Alan Z. Liu, Nick Pedatella, Gunter Stober, Iain Reid, Javier Fuentes, and Chris Adami

A newly established multi-static meteor radar network, CONDOR (31.2ºS,70.0ºW), provides the capability to resolve wind and temperature oscillations over a broad range of periods, calculate E-P flux of planetary waves and investigate the short-term variability in the 80-100 km MLT region. In this study we present results of an enhanced westward wavenumber 1 Q6DW activity and its modulation with the amplified diurnal tides and gravity waves (GW) meridional wind variance during a rare minor SH SSW in 2019, using two SH midlatitude meteor radar observations and a recently developed 3DVAR algorithm. This algorithm creates a tomographic reconstruction of the 3D wind field based on optimal estimation technique and Bayesian statistics and is particularly suitable for investigating GW dynamics on regional scales. Furthermore, we present the first results of meteor radar observed Q6DW E-P flux and its comparison with SD-WACCM-X simulated Q6DW E-P flux. The encouraging agreement demonstrated that this SSW-related Q6DW activity had a significant impact on the dynamically coupled MLT region at SH midlatitude.

How to cite: Qiao, Z., Liu, A. Z., Pedatella, N., Stober, G., Reid, I., Fuentes, J., and Adami, C.: Enhanced Quasi-6-Day Wave during the 2019 Southern Hemisphere SSW and its modulation of diurnal tides and gravity waves , EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-10996, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-10996, 2022.