EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Stromboli volcano monitoring with airborne SAR systems

Riccardo Lanari1, Carmen Esposito1, Paolo Berardino1, Antonio Natale1, Gianfranco Palmese2, and Stefano Perna3
Riccardo Lanari et al.
  • 1IREA, CNR, Napoli, Italy (
  • 22 Elettra Microwave, Napoli, Italy (
  • 33 Department of Engineering (DI), Università degli Studi di Napoli “Parthenope”, Napoli, Italy (

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is an active sensor that can be mounted onboard satellite or airborne platforms for observing of Earth’s surface in any weather condition and even during night [1]. In the last years, it has been shown that the interferometric SAR (InSAR) technique allows [2] generating high quality Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) [1] from spaceborne [3] and airborne [4–7] SAR data.

Airborne SAR systems, unlike satellite SAR ones, are particularly suitable for environmental monitoring in case of emergencies due to their capability to maintain very tight revisit times and to acquire data practically without orbital constraints. The contribution of this work fits very nicely within this context. Indeed, in this work, we show the results obtained from the data collected during the acquisition campaigns carried out with the AXIS [5] and MIPS [8] airborne X-band interferometric SAR systems over the Stromboli island (Italy). In particular, starting from multiple single-pass interferometric SAR surveys we present the differences of the generated DEMs with the aim of measuring the topographic changes induced by the eruptive activity over the whole island during the July 2019 – October 2022 time interval. The work is supported by an agreement between IREA-CNR and the Civil Protection Department of Italy.



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4. Perna, S.; Esposito, C.; Amaral, T.; Berardino, P.; Jackson, G.; Moreira, J.; Pauciullo, A.; Junior, E.V.; Wimmer, C.; Lanari, R. The InSAeS4 airborne X-band interferometric SAR system: A first assessment on its imaging and topographic mapping capabilities. Remote Sens. 2016, 8.

5. Esposito, C.; Natale, A.; Palmese, G.; Berardino, P.; Lanari, R.; Perna, S. On the Capabilities of the Italian Airborne FMCW AXIS InSAR System. Remote Sens. 2020, 12.

6. Pinheiro, M.; Reigber, A.; Scheiber, R.; Prats-Iraola, P.; Moreira, A. Generation of highly accurate DEMs over flat areas by means of dual-frequency and dual-baseline airborne SAR interferometry. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 2018.

7. Wimmer, C.; Siegmund, R.; Schwäbisch, M.; Moreira, J. Generation of high precision DEMs of the Wadden Sea with airborne interferometric SAR. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 2000.

8. Natale, A.; Berardino, P.; Esposito, C.; Palmese, G.; Lanari, R.; Perna, S. The New Italian Airborne Multiband Interferometric and Polarimetric SAR (MIPS) System: First Flight Test Results. Int. Geosci. Remote Sens. Symp. 2022, 2022-July, 4506–4509.

How to cite: Lanari, R., Esposito, C., Berardino, P., Natale, A., Palmese, G., and Perna, S.: Stromboli volcano monitoring with airborne SAR systems, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-10047,, 2023.