EGU23-10512, updated on 26 Feb 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Characterization of the social elements involved in socio-environmental conflicts in Mexico.

Mario Alberto González Lezama1, Nelly Ramírez Serrato2, Mariana Patricia Jácome Paz2, Isaac Hernandez Cedeño3, and Luis Gabriel Duquino Rojas4
Mario Alberto González Lezama et al.
  • 1Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Ingeniería, DICT, México (
  • 2Departamento de Recursos Naturales, Instituto de Geofísica, UNAM, México (
  • 3Unidad de Planeación Energética, UPE. Facultad de Ingeniería, UNAM, CDMX, México (
  • 4Universidad Agustiniana, (

 Socio-environmental conflicts are the result of an alteration in the natural environment that has repercussions on the interests of the social actors involved. The management of any case depends on the stage of the conflict, the interest in taking advantage of the resource, and the group that takes precedence over the change that this would imply. The environmental factors consist of many climatic, social, and economic variables that result in many types of conflict. For this, so many efforts have already been made to map these incidents at the national and international levels. One such mapping was conducted in the environmental justice atlas, an international compendium of environmental issues. However, little is known about the actors involved in such conflicts. The objective of this work is to identify the resistance actors reported by the Environmental Justice Atlas for Mexico and to search for available information on each of them, as well as the estimated or reported location of their headquarters. The main result was a cartographic mapping of the locations of these actors. The Environmental Justice Atlas registers 151 socio-environmental conflicts in Mexico, in which 485 civil organizations are or were in some way expressing their disagreement or rejection of some projects or megaprojects, while the Mexican government has participated with 171 institutions of the three levels of government, and has been judged and partnered in several of these conflicts; 186 state-owned companies representing the private sector have been identified as the ones responsible for affecting the interests of the actors on the territory and resources of their respective states. From this exercise, it was determined that not all actors have public location information, and even if they do have data, it is difficult to locate them, which could suggest a preference for anonymity when opposing different management of the territory and its resources and the awareness of possible risk in doing so.         

How to cite: González Lezama, M. A., Ramírez Serrato, N., Jácome Paz, M. P., Hernandez Cedeño, I., and Duquino Rojas, L. G.: Characterization of the social elements involved in socio-environmental conflicts in Mexico., EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-10512,, 2023.