EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Impacts of regional sea-level changes due to GRD effects on multi-centennial projections of Antarctic Ice Sheet under the ISMIP6-2300 experimental protocol  

Holly Han1, Matt Hoffman1, Xylar Asay-Davis1, Trevor Hillebrand1, and Mauro Perego2
Holly Han et al.
  • 1Fluid Dynamics and Solid Mechanics Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA
  • 2Center for Computing Research, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Evolution of ice sheets contribute to sea-level change globally by exchanging mass with the ocean, and regionally by causing the solid Earth deformation and perturbation of the Earth’s rotation and gravitational field, so-called “gravitational, rotational and deformational (GRD) effects”. In the last decade, much work has been done to establish the importance of coupling GRD effects particularly in modeling of marine-based ice sheets (e.g., West Antarctic Ice Sheet; WAIS) to capture the interactions between ice sheets, sea level and the solid Earth at the grounding lines. However, coupling of GRD effects has not yet been done widely within the ice-sheet modeling community; for example, GRD effects were not included in any of the ice sheet models that contributed to the most recent recent ice-sheet model intercomparison through 2100 (Ice Sheet Model Intercomparison Project for CMIP6: ISMIP6-2100; Serrousi et al., 2020) cited by the latest IPCC AR6 report.

In this work, we couple the US Department of Energy’s MPAS-Albany Land Ice model (which was one of the models that participated in the ISMIP6-2100 project) to a 1D sea-level model and perform coupled simulations of Antarctica under the new ISMIP6-2300 protocol in which climate forcing is extended beyond 2100 to 2300. Comparing to the standalone ice-sheet simulations with fix bed topography without GRD effects, the results from our coupled simulations show multi-decadal to centennial-scale delays in the retreat of the Thwaites glacier in the West Antarctica. Our results further suggest that the strength of the negative feedback of sea-level changes on the WAIS retreat becomes weaker as the strength of the applied forcing increases, implying the pertinence of our commitment to limiting greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, within our coupled ice sheet-sea level modeling frame, we introduce a new workflow work in which the ISMIP6 protocol-provided ocean thermal forcing is re-extrapolated based on the updated ocean bathymetry. Our preliminary results indicate that bedrock uplift due to ice mass loss can block the bottom warm ocean, providing additional negative feedback, but also can block cold water when/if the vertical ocean temperature profile gets inverted due to climate change (e.g., as represented in the UKESM model - SSP585 scenario results).

How to cite: Han, H., Hoffman, M., Asay-Davis, X., Hillebrand, T., and Perego, M.: Impacts of regional sea-level changes due to GRD effects on multi-centennial projections of Antarctic Ice Sheet under the ISMIP6-2300 experimental protocol  , EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-10677,, 2023.