EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Impact of flux type variable exchange method in the atmosphere-ocean coupled version of the Korean Integrated Model (KIM) system for extended medium-range weather forecast

Namgu Yeo1, Eun-Chul Chang1, Hajoon Song2, Junseong Park3, Eunjeong Lee3, and Myung-Seo Koo3
Namgu Yeo et al.
  • 1Department of Atmospheric Science, Kongju National University, Gongju, South Korea
  • 2Department of Atmospheric Science, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
  • 3Korea Institute of Atmospheric Prediction Systems, Seoul, South Korea

Extended medium-range prediction targets a period of up to 30 days, which is a longer period than medium-range (up to 15 days) and shorter than seasonal (up to 3 months) forecast. The atmospheric response to the initial condition significantly impacts predictability in medium-range prediction while ocean response which is a slower change compared to the atmosphere is also an important factor in extended medium-range prediction. Thus, it is important to consider not only initial forcing but also air-sea interaction containing ocean response in extended medium-range prediction. The interactions in the earth system model can be considered among the atmosphere, ocean, sea-ice, and ocean wave by coupling of each components. The Korean Integrated Model (KIM) system, which is a global atmospheric forecast model, was developed by the Korea Institute of Atmospheric Prediction Systems. Recently, the ocean and sea-ice model components have been coupled with the KIM atmosphere system, and continuous efforts are being made to improve its performance. The air-sea interaction in an atmosphere-ocean coupled system can be considered by exchanging the variables that require interaction between components with a coupler. The bulk type exchange method basically transfers state variables such as temperature, pressure, and wind, which are used to get flux variables that contain interacting information among the atmosphere, ocean, and sea-ice. The bulk method is simple but the energy budget at the interface among the model components may become inconsistent due to the use of different formulas during calculation of the flux variables. In this study, exchange variables are changed by replacing atmospheric state variables with flux and momentum variables, which are the final form used in the ocean model. It is found that the corrected flux and momentum of the ocean surface resulting from the flux type exchange method change the ocean structure, particularly over the low latitude region. The atmosphere reacts to the changed ocean state, affecting not only the lower atmosphere but also the upper atmosphere. The results show that the flux type variable exchange method has advantages for considering air-sea interaction, which would improve the performance of extended medium-range weather forecast compared to the bulk type exchange method.

Keywords: extended medium-range forecast, coupled model, air-sea interaction, bulk type method


This work was funded by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant KMI2022-01210.



How to cite: Yeo, N., Chang, E.-C., Song, H., Park, J., Lee, E., and Koo, M.-S.: Impact of flux type variable exchange method in the atmosphere-ocean coupled version of the Korean Integrated Model (KIM) system for extended medium-range weather forecast, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-11267,, 2023.