EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Baltic raised bog carbon dioxide balance dynamics and its biophysical determinants - Kusowo case study

Patryk Poczta1, Kamila Harenda1, Mariusz Lamentowicz2, and Bogdan Chojnicki1
Patryk Poczta et al.
  • 1Laboratory of Bioclimatology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland
  • 2Department of Biogeography and Palaeoecology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland

Peatlands are ecosystems with relatively low net productivity but a long-term carbon storage period (thousands of years). This carbon stock is continuously related to its hydrogenic origin, resulting in the high sensitivity of peatlands to hygrothermal factors such as temperature and precipitation. Changing the balance of temperature and wetness in peatlands may stimulate higher ecosystem respiration and/or reduce the photosynthetic capacity of plants and consequently shift the peatland from net sinks to sources of CO2 to the atmosphere. Thus, the peatland-climate interaction study is crucial for understanding and predicting their faith in the future.

Since July 2019, the eddy covariance (EC) technique has been used to monitor CO2/H2O net fluxes at a baltic raised bog in Bagno Kusowo Nature Reserve, northern Poland (53.82 N, 16.59 E, 144 m a.s.l.). This peatland started formatting thousands of years ago and currently reaches up to 8 m of peat depth. The measurement tower works in collocation with the meteorological station, thus the standard meteorological parameters are measured along with flux observations. These common measurements were the basis for estimating peatland carbon dioxide balance and its relation to biophysical factors.

An early start of vegetation (March-April) on the baltic raised bog was noted, as well as predominant emissions from the peatland in mid-summer (August). During 2.5 years of measurements, the peatland in Kusowo was both a net sink and a source of CO2 on an annual basis. The negative impact of lowering the water table level on the CO2 balance (higher emissions) is more noticeable during the growing season when higher temperatures intensify the respiration processes.

How to cite: Poczta, P., Harenda, K., Lamentowicz, M., and Chojnicki, B.: Baltic raised bog carbon dioxide balance dynamics and its biophysical determinants - Kusowo case study, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-11939,, 2023.