EGU23-12027, updated on 26 Feb 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Multi-spacecraft observations of near-relativistic electron events at different radial distances

Alexander Kollhoff1, Lars Berger1, Maximilian Brüdern1, Nina Dresing2, Sandra Eldrum1, Sebastian Fleth1, Raúl Gómez-Herrero3, Bernd Heber1, Patrik Kühl1, Daniel Pacheco1, Laura Rodríguez-García3, Javier Rodríguez-Pacheco3, Robert F. Wimmer-Schweingruber1, and Zigong Xu1
Alexander Kollhoff et al.
  • 1CAU Kiel, IEAP, Extraterrestrial Physics, Kiel, Germany (
  • 2University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland
  • 3Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Spain

With the launch of Solar Orbiter (SolO) on Feb. 10th 2020, a new era of multi-spacecraft solar energetic particles (SEP) observations has started. The unique orbit of the mission allows the observation of SEP events close to the Sun (<0.28 au), which can occasionally be compared to corresponding observations made by other spacecraft at 1au. Such multi-spacecraft observations of the same event at different radial distances provide an excellent opportunity to study the radial evolution of SEP events.

In this study, we identify SEP events for which SolO and either Wind or STEREO-A had a small longitudinal separation (<15°) between their magnetic foot-points at the Sun. For all SEP events that satisfy our selection criteria we determine the onset times and rise times as well as peak fluxes and peak values of the first-order anisotropy for electrons in the energy range from ∼50−85 keV. We compare the event parameters observed at the different spacecraft regarding their radial changes. In our sample we find strong event-to-event variations in the radial dependency of all derived event parameters. For the majority of events, the peak flux and the maximum value of the first-order anisotropy decrease with increasing radial distance to the Sun, while the rise time increases with radial distance in the majority of events. The derived onset delays observed between two spacecraft were found to be too long to be explained by ideal Parker spirals in multiple events.

We present an overview of the most interesting observations and discuss the wide variability in the radial dependency of the event parameters analysed in this study.

How to cite: Kollhoff, A., Berger, L., Brüdern, M., Dresing, N., Eldrum, S., Fleth, S., Gómez-Herrero, R., Heber, B., Kühl, P., Pacheco, D., Rodríguez-García, L., Rodríguez-Pacheco, J., Wimmer-Schweingruber, R. F., and Xu, Z.: Multi-spacecraft observations of near-relativistic electron events at different radial distances, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-12027,, 2023.