EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Conditions for accretion and subduction initiation inside Venus Artemis Coronae

Anne Davaille
Anne Davaille
  • FAST, CNRS and Univ. Paris-Saclay, Bat.530, Rue André Rivière, 91405 ORSAY, FRANCE (

According to laboratory experiments and geomorphological observations, it is likely that the very large Artemis coronae is an exemple of plume-induced subduction. As an hot mantle plume  breaks the denser lithosphere and flows above it, it forces it to sink. So the subduction trenches are localized along the rim of the plume and strong roll-back is observed. Predicted roll-back velocities are between 1 and 10 cm/yr for Artemis case. Subduction always occurs along partial circles, which is due to the brittle character of the upper part of the lithosphere. As roll-back subduction proceeds, the coronae expands and an accreting ridge system develops inside the coronae. 

Laboratory experiments show that the ridge shape is governed primarily by the axial failure parameter  \Pi_F , which depends on the spreading velocity, the mechanical strength of the lithospheric material and the axial elastic lithosphere thickness. Experiments with the largest  \Pi_F  present quite unstable ridge axis with a large lateral sinuosity, transform faults, numerous microplates, and axis jumps. Some of the latter can even cause subduction onset along the abandoned section of the ridge axis. Due to Venus hot surface temperature, this large  \Pi_F regime is the most likely inside Artemis. Magellan data indeed shows a large feature, Britomartis Chasma, that has already  been proposed to be an accretion ridge.  It displays a large sinuosity, comparable to what is predicted by the laboratory experiments. The topography data resolution is not good enough to see transform faults, though. But their presence would explained some of the largest axis offsets. Moreover, the center of Britomartis presents a deep trough, next to a very tall hill. This may be due to core complex formation, but also to the initiation of subduction following an axis jump. Only high-resolution data, such as provided by VERITAS mission, will be able to discriminate between the two options. 

How to cite: Davaille, A.: Conditions for accretion and subduction initiation inside Venus Artemis Coronae, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-12356,, 2023.