EGU23-12387, updated on 09 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Magnetotelluric data across Ciomadul volcano and the Perşani Volcanic Field — constrains on the nature and structure of the magma storage system

Matthew Joseph Comeau1, Graham J. Hill2, Svetlana Kovacikova2, Jochen Kamm3, Réka Lukács4, Ioan Seghedi5, and Harangi Szabolcs6
Matthew Joseph Comeau et al.
  • 1Institut für Geophysik, Universität Münster (WWU), Münster, Germany (
  • 2Institute of Geophysics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czechia (;
  • 3Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo, Finland (
  • 4Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Budapest, Hungary (
  • 5Institute of Geodynamics Sabba S. Ştefanescu, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania (
  • 6Department of Petrology and Geochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary (

Ciomadul volcano, located at the south-eastern terminus of the Carpathian volcanic arc (Romania), is the youngest volcano in eastern-central Europe, with the last eruption occurring at 32 ka. Petrological and geophysical constraints indicate a melt-bearing silicic crystal mush body beneath Ciomadul, approximately 5–20 km below surface. This suggests that long-dormant or seemingly inactive volcanoes may have potentially active magma storage systems. However, the geometry and size of the magma storage region is unknown. Understanding the nature and structure of the volcanic plumbing system is crucial to understanding the evolution of the system, as well as to assess the hazard potential.

In this presentation, we will report on 41 new magnetotelluric measurements acquired in 2022. The survey design consists of an irregular grid with dimensions of approximately 75 km by 75 km, centered around Ciomadul in the corner of the south-eastern Carpathian Mountains. This makes an array suitable for three-dimensional modelling. A 100 km long NW-SE transect across the array has a measurement spacing of less than 15 km.

The newly acquired data complement previous measurements (recorded in 2010) near Ciomadul and Băile Tuşnad within an area of approximately 5 km by 10 km. The new data extend westward to the Perşani volcanic field (Racoș, Homorod), about 40 km west of Ciomadul, towards the Transylvanian Basin, and to the south-east to the edge of the seismically active Vrancea zone, often attributed to the descent of a slab, more than 50 km south-east of Ciomadul, towards the Focșani Basin. Both regions are targets for future measurement campaigns.

Recordings were carried out at each location for approximately 1–5 days. The data typically had reliable periods of up to 1,000–4,000 s. The data are not homogenous and have characteristics of three-dimensionality. At some locations, cultural electromagnetic noise contaminated the signals and degraded the data; thus choosing appropriate locations for measurement was critical. Estimating local and inter-station transfer functions required special care, such as applying data pre-selection schemes and manual time windows, in addition to standard approaches including using robust statistics and the remote reference method. Overall, the preliminary analysis is encouraging and the results show that it is possible to obtain usable magnetotelluric data in this region.

How to cite: Comeau, M. J., Hill, G. J., Kovacikova, S., Kamm, J., Lukács, R., Seghedi, I., and Szabolcs, H.: Magnetotelluric data across Ciomadul volcano and the Perşani Volcanic Field — constrains on the nature and structure of the magma storage system, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-12387,, 2023.

Supplementary materials

Supplementary material file