EGU23-13739, updated on 25 Apr 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Project FOCI - Non-CO2 Forcers and Their Climate, Weather, Air Quality and Health Impacts

Tomas Halenka1, Ranjeet Sokhi2, and Alexander Baklanov3
Tomas Halenka et al.
  • 1Charles University, Fac. of Mathematics and Physics, Dept. of Atmospheric Physics, Prague, Czechia (
  • 2University of Hertfordshire, School of Physics, Engineering and Computer Science; Department of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics, Hartfield, United Kingdom; and FOCI team
  • 3World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Switzerland

While overall global warming with the causes and global processes connected to well-mixed CO2, and its impacts on global to continental scales are well understood with a high level of confidence, there are knowledge gaps concerning the impact of many other non-CO2radiative forcers leading to low confidence in the conclusions. This relates mainly to specific anthropogenic and natural precursor emissions of short-lived GHGs and aerosols and their precursors. These gaps and uncertainties also exist in their subsequent effects on atmospheric chemistry and climate, through direct emissions dependent on changes in e.g., agriculture production and technologies based on scenarios for future development as well as feedback of global warming on emissions, e.g., permafrost thaw. In addition to the atmospheric radiative forcing (gaseous or aerosols), albedo changes connected to land use and land cover can play a role, depending on the adaptation or mitigation measures included in different scenarios.

The main goal of the EC Horizon Europe project FOCI (from the call HORIZON-CL5-2021-D1-01-0 Improved understanding of greenhouse gas fluxes and radiative forcers, including carbon dioxide removal technologies), is to assess the impact of key radiative forcers, where and how they arise, the processes of their impact on the climate system, to find and test an efficient implementation of these processes into global Earth System Models and into Regional Climate Models, eventually coupled with CTMs, and finally to use the tools developed to investigate mitigation and/or adaptation policies incorporated in selected scenarios of future development targeted at Europe and other regions of the world. We will develop new regionally tuned scenarios based on improved emissions to assess the effects of non-CO2 forcers. Mutual interactions of the results and climate services producers and other end-users will provide feedback for the specific scenarios preparation and potential application to support the decision-making, including climate policy.

How to cite: Halenka, T., Sokhi, R., and Baklanov, A.: Project FOCI - Non-CO2 Forcers and Their Climate, Weather, Air Quality and Health Impacts, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-13739,, 2023.