New classification showing the stratospheric memory concept: towards a better seasonal prediction
- LATMOS, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Université Versailles-Saint Quentin, Université Paris-Saclay, 78280 Guyancourt, France
A new method of classification based upon an empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) analysis of zonal wind anomalies of the 70 winters from 1950 to 2020, extracted from ERA5, revealed that the winter stratosphere tends to follow four independent scenarios. The first three scenarios: the January, the February, and the Double modes, are all characterized by a perturbed evolution of the polar vortex due to significant sudden stratospheric warmings (SSWs) occurring in mid-winter, generally causing the reversing of zonal winds. Unsurprisingly, these modes contain the information of preferential important SSWs’ timings, events including minor and major SSWs, and final stratospheric warming’s timings. Thus, their patterns show that the mid-winter is often anti-correlated with the winter end. This result is consistent with the conclusion done in a recent study showing that the polar vortex on a given month is anti-correlated with its state 2-3 months earlier. While the last scenario illustrates an unperturbed polar vortex evolution during winter for which only the final stratospheric warming’s timing differs, either early and dynamical or late and radiative.
The study of the mean evolutions of wave-1 and wave-2 amplitude anomalies associated with these four scenarios reveals that they possess singular dynamic behavior, especially for the wave-1 activities, which are consistent with their mean evolutions of zonal mean zonal winds. Indeed, we found that the wave-1 activity drops systematically for each scenario when zonal winds weaken due to an important. In contrast, it is not the case for the wave-2 activity.
How to cite: Mariaccia, A., Keckhut, P., and Hauchecorne, A.: New classification showing the stratospheric memory concept: towards a better seasonal prediction , EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-1376, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu23-1376, 2023.