EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Enhancement of local community resilience to natural and man-made disasters through the application of co-created novel technological tools

Chrysoula Papathanasiou1, Panagiotis Michalis1, Konstantinos Stavrou1, Evangelos Tsougiannis1, Jeannette Anniés2, Sofia Papageorgiou3, Eleftherios Ouzounoglou1, and Angelos Amditis1
Chrysoula Papathanasiou et al.
  • 1Institute of Communications and Computer Systems (ICCS), Athens, Greece (,,,
  • 2University of Stuttgart, Institute of Human Factors and Technology Management (IAT), Stuttgart, Germany (
  • 3Municipality of Rafina-Pikermi (MRP), Department of Human Resources (

Natural and man-made disasters are associated with significant impacts on society, economy and the environment and are considered an issue of national priority at a global level. Further to that, such disasters are exacerbated by climate change (EC DG-ECHO, 2021) and their frequency of occurrence and impact intensity is expected to increase significantly, further affecting the countries’ interlinked economies. The standard practice adopted to mitigate risks includes the undertaking of measures, customized to the needs, particularities and socioeconomic features of the area under threat (Papathanasiou et al., 2015). Informed policy- and decision-making processes need to be outlined from relevant stakeholders. However, this top-down approach, which currently involves policies and measures decided by relevant authorities is not only outdated, but has also been proven to be insufficient. Currently, there is a justified tendency to actively include citizens in disaster management, fostering thus a more citizen-oriented, bottom-up approach. State-of-the art technological tools with advanced functionalities offer extended capabilities towards this direction. RiskPACC project brings together researchers, practitioners and first responders from nine European countries in at least 21 co-creation workshops at 7 case studies, enhancing the communication between local Civil Protection Authorities (CPAs) and citizens and bridging the risk perception-action gap (RPAG) (Michalis et al., 2022).

This work outlines the co-creation approach adopted for the Municipality of Rafina-Pikermi (MRP) use case workshops that focus on wildfires and floods. The functionalities of the AR Aeolian mobile application were defined based on feedback by CPAs and citizens, as provided during workshops, successive iterations and response to appropriate questionnaires posed by the tool providers. User-friendliness was a core design element of the tool to ensure its easy applicability by citizens and control by CPAs, meeting at the same time the need to train the local community how to effectively manage disasters. The process of familiarizing CPAs and citizens with such solutions and encouraging their active participation in relevant training sessions supported them to better understand their particular role in disaster risk reduction, fostering improved situation awareness and risk perception, which is strongly encouraged by immersive technologies. Lessons learnt from citizen empowerment to adopt technical solutions for disaster risk management can be replicated to other use cases with similar population features.



This research has been financed by European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 101019707, project RiskPACC (Integrating Risk Perception and Action to enhance Civil protection-Citizen interaction).



EC, Directorate-General ECHO, (2021). Overview of natural and man-made disaster risks the European Union may face: 2020 edition, Publications Office.  

Michalis, P., Anniés, J., Papathanasiou, C., Ouzounoglou, E. and Admitis, A. (2022). Co-creation as an approach to bridge the Risk Perception Action Gap and customise crowdsourcing tools to respond effectively to climatic risks. Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Natural Hazards and Infrastructure, 5-7 July 2022, Athens, Greece, ISSN 2623-4513.

Papathanasiou, C., Makropoulos, C. and Mimikou, M., (2015). Hydrological modelling for flood forecasting: calibrating the post-fire initial conditions, Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 529, Part 3, pp. 1838-1850,

How to cite: Papathanasiou, C., Michalis, P., Stavrou, K., Tsougiannis, E., Anniés, J., Papageorgiou, S., Ouzounoglou, E., and Amditis, A.: Enhancement of local community resilience to natural and man-made disasters through the application of co-created novel technological tools, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-1381,, 2023.