EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Analysis and Modelling of 2009-2013 vs. 2019-2022 Unrest Episodes at Campi Flegrei Caldera

Raffaele Castaldo1, Andrea Barone1, De Novellis Vincenzo1, Pepe Antonio1, Pepe Susi1, Solaro Giuseppe1, Tizzani Pietro1, and Tramelli Anna2
Raffaele Castaldo et al.
  • 1Institute for electromagnetic sensing of the environment (IREA), National Research Council (CNR), Naples, Italy
  • 2National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Osservatorio Vesuviano (OV), Naples, Italy

Geodetic modelling is a significant procedure for detecting and characterizing unrest and eruption episodes and it represents a valuable tool to infer volume and geometry of volcanic source system.

In this study, we analyse the 2009–2013 and the ongoing 2019-2022 uplift phenomena at Campi Flegrei (CF) caldera in terms of spatial and temporal variations of the stress/strain field. In particular, we investigate the characteristics of the inflating sources responsible of these main deformation unrests occurred in the last twenty years. We separately perform for the two considered periods a 3D stationary Finite Element (FE) modelling of geodetic datasets to retrieve the geometry and location of the deformation sources. The geometry of FE domain takes into account both the topography and the bathymetry of the whole caldera. For what concern the definition of domain elastic parameters, we take into account the Vp/Vs distribution from seismic tomography. In order to optimize the nine model parameters (center coordinates, sferoid axes, dip, strike and over-pressure), we use the statistical random sampling Monte Carlo method by exploiting both geodetic datasets: the DInSAR measurements obtained from the processing of COSMO-SkyMed and Sentinel-1 satellite images. The modelling results for the two analysed period are compared revealing that the best-fit source is a three-axis oblate spheroid ~3.5 km deep, similar to a sill-like body. Furthermore, in order to verify the reliability of the geometry model results, we calculate the Total Horizontal Derivative (THD) of the vertical velocity component and compare it with those performed directly on the two DInSAR dataset.

Finally, we compare the modelled shear stress with the natural seismicity recorded during the 2000-2022 period, highlighting high values of modelled shear stress at depths of about 3.5 km, where high-magnitude earthquakes nucleate.

How to cite: Castaldo, R., Barone, A., Vincenzo, D. N., Antonio, P., Susi, P., Giuseppe, S., Pietro, T., and Anna, T.: Analysis and Modelling of 2009-2013 vs. 2019-2022 Unrest Episodes at Campi Flegrei Caldera, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-13853,, 2023.