EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Highly sensitive laser heterodyne radiometer based on a balanced photodetector for carbon dioxide measurement in the atmospheric column

Tingting Wei1,2, Jingjing Wang1,3, Fengjiao Shen1, Tu Tan3, Zhensong Cao3, Xiaoming Gao3, Pascal Jeseck4, Yao-Veng Te4, Stéphane Plus5, Lei Dong2, Houston Miller6, and Weidong Chen1
Tingting Wei et al.
  • 1Laboratoire de Physicochimie de l'Atmosphère, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkerque 59140, France
  • 2State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, Institute of Laser Spectroscopy, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
  • 3Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031 Hefei, China
  • 4LERMA, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 75252 Paris, France
  • 5PhLAM, IRCICA, Université de Lille
  • 6Department of Chemistry, George Washington University, Washington, DC 200521, USA

An all-fiber coupled laser heterodyne radiometer (LHR), using a wideband tunable external cavity diode laser (1500–1640 nm) as local oscillator laser, was developed for ground-based remote sensing of carbon dioxide. Optimal absorption lines and transmission spectra of carbon dioxide in this wavelength range were determined. High sensitivity of the LHR was achieved by using a balanced photodetector to suppress the relative intensity noise of the local oscillator laser. The noise model of the highly sensitive LHR was analyzed and compared with the traditional LHR using single photodetector [1-2]. Finally, field campaigns were performed on the roof of the platform of IRENE building in Dunkerque (51.05°N/2.34°E). The measured LHR spectra in the atmospheric column are compared, in good agreement, with referenced Fourier-transform infrared spectra from the TCCON observation network and with the simulation spectra resulting from an atmospheric transmission modeling. Experimental details including noise analysis and LHR spectra will be discussed and presented.



The authors thank the financial supports from the LABEX CaPPA project (ANR-10-LABX005), the CPER ECRIN program, the EU H2020-ATMOS project as well as the funding from China Scholarship Council (CSC).



[1] T. G. Blaney. "Signal-to-noise ratio and other characteristics of heterodyne radiation receivers", Space Science Reviews 17 (1975) 691-702.

[2] F. Shen, G. Wang, J. Wang, T. Tan, G. Wang, P. Jeseck, Y.-V. Te, X. Gao, W. Chen. "A transportable mid-infrared laser heterodyne radiometer operating in the shot-noise dominated regime", Opt. Lett.46 (2021) 3171-3174.

How to cite: Wei, T., Wang, J., Shen, F., Tan, T., Cao, Z., Gao, X., Jeseck, P., Te, Y.-V., Plus, S., Dong, L., Miller, H., and Chen, W.: Highly sensitive laser heterodyne radiometer based on a balanced photodetector for carbon dioxide measurement in the atmospheric column, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-14492,, 2023.