EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Drought Propagation through the Water-Energy-Food-Ecosystem Nexus in a Future Climate – a Swedish Perspective

Thomas Grabs1, Elise Jonsson1, Andrijana Todorovic2, Faranak Tootoonchi1, Elin Stenfors1, and Claudia Teutschbein1
Thomas Grabs et al.
  • 1Uppsala University, Department of Earth Sciences, Program for Air, Water and Landscape Sciences, Villavägen 16, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2University of Belgrade, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 73, 11000 Belgrade, Republic of Serbia

Droughts develop slowly over time and can affect a multitude of public and private sectors. While droughts are traditionally quantified in relation to the hydrological components of the water cycle that they affect, this manuscript demonstrates a novel approach to assess future drought conditions through the lens of the water-energy-food-ecosystem (WEFE) nexus concept. To this end, a set of standardized drought indices specifically designed to represent different nexus sectors across 50 catchments in Sweden was computed based on an ensemble of past and future climate model simulations. Different patterns in the response of the four nexus sectors water, energy, food and ecosystem services to future climate change emerged, with different response times and drought durations across the sectors. These results offer new insights into the propagation of drought through the WEFE nexus in cold climates. They further suggest that future drought projections can be better geared towards decision makers by basing them on standardized drought indices that were specifically tailored to represent particular nexus sectors.

How to cite: Grabs, T., Jonsson, E., Todorovic, A., Tootoonchi, F., Stenfors, E., and Teutschbein, C.: Drought Propagation through the Water-Energy-Food-Ecosystem Nexus in a Future Climate – a Swedish Perspective, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-15142,, 2023.