EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Airborne in-situ observations of natural methane emissions in Scandinavia during MAGIC 2021

Klaus-Dirk Gottschaldt1, Cyril Crevoisier2, Alina Fiehn1, Andreas Fix1, Kerstin Hartung1, Heidi Huntrieser1, Patrick Jöckel1, Bastian Kern1, Julian Kostinek1,3, Tiina Markkanen4, Mariano Mertens1, Callum Middleton5, Magdalena Pühl1, Mathieu Quatrevalet1, Martin Wooster5, and Anke Roiger1
Klaus-Dirk Gottschaldt et al.
  • 1Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
  • 2Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD), Ecole Polytechnique, Route de Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France
  • 3Harvard University, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 20 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
  • 4Finnish Meteorological Institute, Climate Change, P.O.Box 503 FIN-00101 Helsinki Finland
  • 5King’s College London, Bush House North East Wing, 30 Aldwych, WC2B 4BG, Great Britain

Wetlands in the high northern latitudes are a major, yet poorly known contributor to the global methane (CH4) budget. In wetlands, peat bogs and lakes, CH4 is produced by organic degradation processes. These natural emissions are affected by climate change though, e.g. by changing temperatures and permafrost thaw. A better understanding is essential also for discussing the human role in the budget of this important greenhouse gas and mitigation options.

However, the data coverage in the region is still thin: accessibility is limited, satellite sensors struggle with the high solar zenith angle, difficult surface and thermodynamic conditions, or clouds. Corresponding emission inventories and models differ significantly, in the distribution as well as in the amount of emissions. Based in Kiruna/Sweden, the French MAGIC initiative addressed these knowledge gaps by bringing together a multitude of instruments on three research aircraft (Safire ATR-42, BAS Twin Otter, DLR Cessna) and various other platforms for measurements in northern Scandinavia in August 2021.

Here we focus on airborne in-situ measurements with the DLR Cessna. The suite of instruments aboard the aircraft included a meteorological sensor package, a Picarro, and an Aerodyne QCLS, providing CH4,CO2, C2H6, 13C(CH4), temperature, H2O, 3d-wind, all along the flight track.

The Cessna conducted 12 scientific flights in the region, which mostly targeted and scouted hotspots of CH4 emissions indicated by wetland emission inventories. The flights were coordinated as often as possible with other airborne, ground-based and satellite platforms to allow for intercomparisons and for providing ground truth for remote sensing instruments. Estimating CH4 emission fluxes is another major objective, which is challenging because of spatial and temporal heterogeneity of these area sources. To this end we tried a combination of different methods and flight patterns. We provide an overview of the measurements, discuss the different flight strategies and show first results of the analyses that are ongoing in the frame of the ESA MAGIC4AMPAC project.

How to cite: Gottschaldt, K.-D., Crevoisier, C., Fiehn, A., Fix, A., Hartung, K., Huntrieser, H., Jöckel, P., Kern, B., Kostinek, J., Markkanen, T., Mertens, M., Middleton, C., Pühl, M., Quatrevalet, M., Wooster, M., and Roiger, A.: Airborne in-situ observations of natural methane emissions in Scandinavia during MAGIC 2021, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-15346,, 2023.