EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Laser-melting Bismuth - A case study for X-ray imaging at high pressure and temperature

Bernhard Massani1, Rachel Husband2, Daniel Campbell3, Daniel Sneed3, Zsolt Jenei3, Hanns-Peter Liermann2, Stewart McWilliams1, and Earl O'Bannon3
Bernhard Massani et al.
  • 1University of Edinburgh, School of Physics and Astronomy, CSEC, UK
  • 2Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany
  • 3Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California, CA-94550, USA

Our understanding on how opaque materials respond to extreme compression and high temperatures heavily relies on x-ray techniques. While X-ray diffraction is a powerful approach, some properties such as viscosity are experimentally not accessible with such approaches.  Application of x-ray imaging has been widely applied in extreme pressure and temperature conditions using multi-anvil presses, but obtaining sufficient space and time resolution for similar experiments using diamond anvil cells, at commensurately higher pressure and temperature conditions, have been challenging. We present recent developments in synchrotron X-ray imaging at the ECB beamline at PETRA III, DESY used in combination with laser heated DAC. Simultaneous X-ray imaging and diffraction allows for deeper insight in properties of materials under high pressure as well as the direct correspondence of phase transition diagnostics.  We present a case study of bismuth in the laser-heated diamond anvil cell showing detection of solid-solid and solid-liquid transitions and explore how X-ray imaging can be used to determine viscosity of molten bismuth under pressure.

How to cite: Massani, B., Husband, R., Campbell, D., Sneed, D., Jenei, Z., Liermann, H.-P., McWilliams, S., and O'Bannon, E.: Laser-melting Bismuth - A case study for X-ray imaging at high pressure and temperature, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-15584,, 2023.