EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Magnetospheric Response to a Pressure Pulse in a Three-dimensional Hybrid-Vlasov Simulation

Konstantinos Horaites1 and the Vlasiator Team*
Konstantinos Horaites and the Vlasiator Team
  • 1University of Helsinki, Physics, Helsinki, Finland (
  • *A full list of authors appears at the end of the abstract

Vlasiator is a high-performance ion-kinetic code that is now conducting global 3D hybrid-Vlasov simulations of the outer magnetosphere.  We use Vlasiator to investigate the impact of a pressure pulse with southward-oriented magnetic field on the Earth's magnetosphere. The simulation driving parameters are comparable to conditions that have led to real geomagnetic storms. Our pressure pulse simulations reproduce many physical effects, namely the expansion of the auroral oval, the development of field-aligned currents, enhanced particle precipitation near the open/closed field line boundary, and compression of Earth's magnetopause. This demonstrates the effectiveness of the hybrid-Vlasov approach for moderate driving conditions. Our investigation of the time-dependent magnetopause compression motivates a generalization of the existing theory. Specifically, we find that accounting for the finite ramp time of the solar wind dynamic pressure improves the model's description of the magnetopause oscillations.

Vlasiator Team:

Konstantinos Horaites, Emilia Rintamäki, Markku Alho, Markus Battarbee, Maarja Bussov, Giulia Cozzani, Maxime Dubart, Urs Ganse, Harriet George, Evgenii Gordeev, Maxime Grandin, Konstantinos Papadakis, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Jonas Suni, Vertti Tarvus, Fasil Kebede, Lucile Turc, Ivan Zaitsev, Hongyang Zhou, Minna Palmroth

How to cite: Horaites, K. and the Vlasiator Team: Magnetospheric Response to a Pressure Pulse in a Three-dimensional Hybrid-Vlasov Simulation, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-16454,, 2023.