EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Solid Carbon: Safe and Durable Carbon Storage in Ocean Basalt - From Feasibility to Demonstration to Global Potential

Benjamin Tutolo6, Martin Scherwath1,2, Kate Moran1,2, David Goldberg3, Adedapo Awolayo4, Laurence Coogan2, Curran Crawford5, Stan Dosso2, Eneanwan Ekpo Johnson1,2, Rachel Lauer6, Emma Louis2, Sara Nawaz7,8, Terre Satterfield8, Angela Slagle3, Devin Todd9, and Romany Webb
Benjamin Tutolo et al.
  • 1Ocean Networks Canada, University of Victoria, Canada
  • 2School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Canada
  • 3Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, U.S.A.
  • 4Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, Canada
  • 5Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, Canada
  • 6Department of Geoscience, University of Calgary, Canada
  • 7School of Anthropology & Museum Ethnography, University of Oxford, U.K
  • 8Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability, University of British Columbia, Canada
  • 9Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions, Canada

Oceanic crustal basalt rock has been identified to be the most abundant CO2 sequestration reservoir on earth with a total capacity of up to 250,000 Gt of CO2 and the added advantage of the CO2 mineralizing into carbonate rock in the safest and most durable way. Experiments and pilot projects have established geologic carbon storage in basalt on land (e.g. Carbfix in Iceland) but have not been carried out offshore and are therefore required to demonstrate and prove this form of carbon storage offshore. We are presenting the ongoing Solid Carbon project, which is currently in the feasibility stage of demonstrating this concept in the Cascadia Basin offshore Vancouver Island where Ocean Networks Canada operates a cabled ocean observatory, which will be utilized to monitor and verify this form of geologic carbon storage. The demonstration site is at about 2700 m water depth, where the ocean crust is overlain by 200-600 m of sediment acting as a cap for the porous and permeable crustal basalt aquifer (300-500 m thick), underlain by a thick conductive basement. From previous seafloor drilling campaigns, the subsurface and hydrogeology in this area are well known, feeding both into sequestration modelling and also planning the required monitoring. In addition to planning the offshore demonstration experiment, the Solid Carbon project further includes research on social, regulatory and social acceptance as well as adding offshore energy and direct carbon capture to transform the concept into a negative emission technology. We will present the past, present and potential future of this form of geologic carbon storage.

How to cite: Tutolo, B., Scherwath, M., Moran, K., Goldberg, D., Awolayo, A., Coogan, L., Crawford, C., Dosso, S., Ekpo Johnson, E., Lauer, R., Louis, E., Nawaz, S., Satterfield, T., Slagle, A., Todd, D., and Webb, R.: Solid Carbon: Safe and Durable Carbon Storage in Ocean Basalt - From Feasibility to Demonstration to Global Potential, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-16856,, 2023.