EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The use of infrasound monitoring in the 2022 São Jorge Island (Azores) seismovolcanic crisis

Sandro Matos1, Maria do Céu Jesus1, Nicolau Wallenstein1, and the CIVISA team²*
Sandro Matos et al.
  • 1Instituto de Investigação em Vulcanologia e Avaliação de Riscos (IVAR), Universidade dos Açores, Rua da Mãe de Deus, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Açores, Portugal (;;
  • *A full list of authors appears at the end of the abstract

Located in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean, São Jorge is a volcanic island that belongs to the central group of the Azores Archipelago, Portugal. Very steep, with 54 km long and 7 km wide, São Jorge is different from all the other archipelago’s islands, being itself a WNW-ESE oriented fissure volcanic system composed of four volcanic units.

Since March 19, 2022, a seismovolcanic crisis has been ongoing beneath the active Manadas Volcanic Fissure System on the western half of the island, where historical eruptions occurred in 1580 and 1808. This unrest, characterized by the occurrence of several thousands of low magnitude earthquakes and some ground deformation, is being monitored by IVAR/CIVISA teams using several techniques (seismology, geodesy, infrasound, ground water geochemistry and CO2 and 222Rn emissions).

Infrasound detections were based on data from the IMS IS42 infrasound station located on the Graciosa Island (Azores) and a portable infrasound array (SJ1) that was deployed in the northwestern part of the island at ~7 km from the main epicentral area.

We describe the actual procedures to correlate seismic and infrasonic data, based on epicentral locations and infrasound back-azimuths and the main results obtained so far.

CIVISA team²:


How to cite: Matos, S., do Céu Jesus, M., and Wallenstein, N. and the CIVISA team²: The use of infrasound monitoring in the 2022 São Jorge Island (Azores) seismovolcanic crisis, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-17492,, 2023.