EGU23-2282, updated on 22 Feb 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Hydrogen underground storage in a saline aquifer at the Ketzin site (Germany) – a numerical pre-feasibility assessment

Lea Döpp1,2, Wolfgang Weinzierl1, Cornelia Schmidt-Hattenberger1, and Ingo Sass1,2
Lea Döpp et al.
  • 1Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, 4.8. Geoenergy, Germany (
  • 2Technische Universität Darmstadt, Angewandte Geowissenschaften, Angewandte Geothermie, Germany

For integrating green hydrogen to the future energy system, underground storage facilities are needed. So far, there is no underground hydrogen pore storage facility in Germany. However, there is a lot of experience in town gas, natural gas , and CO2 underground storage which now can be used for hydrogen storage pre-feasibility assessments, explorations and operations.

In this approach the Ketzin anticline (Germany) is used for a pre-feasibility assessment for hydrogen underground storage in a saline aquifer by using experimental and measurement data from its time as a CO2 test site during 2004 to 2017.

For this first feasibility assessment we focused on the influence of several reservoir parameters on hydrogen solubility and the production rate. Therefore, the influence of the brine´s salinity, capillary pressure, reservoir pressure and temperature of two potential storage formations at Ketzin site is analyzed.

The Stuttgart formation was already used as a CO2 storage formation during the projects CO2SINK, CO2MAN, COMPLETE. Due to loss reduction by a optimal structural trapping the potential hydrogen injection and production well is located at the top of the anticline –  about 1.5 km north to the former CO2 storage test site. Based on Fleury´s experimental data from 2013, including capillary pressure, six parameter setups are created to simulate six hydrogen production and injection cycles.

For the second storage formation, the Exter formation, less experimental and measurement data is available. Therefore, six scenarios were designed on the basis of literature values. The end members represent a low and a high hydrogen recovery scenario which combine the best and worsed possible parameter setup for this formation.

The results show that it is important to consider the regional conditions individually and to respond to the specifications of the site to minimize economic and safety risks in hydrogen underground storage.

How to cite: Döpp, L., Weinzierl, W., Schmidt-Hattenberger, C., and Sass, I.: Hydrogen underground storage in a saline aquifer at the Ketzin site (Germany) – a numerical pre-feasibility assessment, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-2282,, 2023.