EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Model calculations of the contribution of tropospheric SO2 to the stratospheric aerosol layer

Chiranjeevi Srinivasan Nalapalu1, Ingo Wohltmann1, Markus Rex1, and Michael Höpfner2
Chiranjeevi Srinivasan Nalapalu et al.
  • 1Alfred Wegener Institute Potsdam, Physics of the Atmosphere, Potsdam, Germany (
  • 2Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research - Atmospheric Trace Gases and Remote Sensing (IMK-ASF), Karlsruhe, Germany (

The stratospheric aerosol layer is important for stratospheric chemistry, climate change and in geo-engineering. Yet the processes governing the transport of sulfur to the stratosphere are poorly quantified. We present model calculations of the chemistry of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and its transport to the stratosphere and perform numerous sensitivity runs to assess the range of uncertainty of these calculations. The transport model is based on backward trajectories from the ATLAS model driven by ECMWF ERA 5. A simplified chemical box model constrained by CAMS data is used to calculate the SO2 chemistry. Sensitivity experiments explore the sensitivity to changes in OH, H2O2, DMS, cloud water, cloud pH value and in the driving analysis data. Input parameters were varied and their differences have been explored. The effect of El Nino and La Nina on SO2 transport was investigated. The SO2 reaching the stratosphere was quantified and the sources in the troposphere were determined. The model’s results were compared to POSIDON Aircraft measurements. 

How to cite: Nalapalu, C. S., Wohltmann, I., Rex, M., and Höpfner, M.: Model calculations of the contribution of tropospheric SO2 to the stratospheric aerosol layer, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-2643,, 2023.