EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Subpolar Atlantic Meridional Overturning in Community Earth System Model (CESM): setting up the further experiment

Aleksandr M. Fedorov1,2, M. Femke de Jong1, Claudia E. Wieners2, and Henk A. Dijkstra2
Aleksandr M. Fedorov et al.
  • 1Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Ocean Systems, Texel, Netherlands (
  • 2Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research (IMAU), Department of Physics, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands (

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is a three-dimensional system of ocean currents contributing to a relatively mild climate in northern Europe. AMOC transports vary on a range of time scales, from centennial to daily. Despite a wide history of research on AMOC variability from both measurements and modeling perspectives, the role of atmospheric noise in subseasonal and intra-annual AMOC variations remains unclear. In the current study, we describe the modeling experiment planned to reveal the importance of mesoscale winds around the southern tip of Greenland, named Tip Jets, in  AMOC variability. Tip Jet wind events have no regularity in frequency and intensity, they mostly depend on the Icelandic Low location and are partly associated with a positive NAO phase in winter. The experiment design is based on implying the perturbations in the momentum, heat, and freshwater forcing associated with Tip Jet events. Therefore, we constructed the composite Tip Jet forcing using daily ERA5 (25 km, December-March, 1969-2019) wind, surface fluxes, and precipitation/evaporation rates. These composite fields of anomalies are planned to be added to the CESM-derived climatology to describe the possible response of the AMOC system to these types of noise forcing. Setting up the experiment included the model verification based on the comparison between the monthly output from the ~0.1 ° CESM Parallel Ocean Product (POP) simulations and the observational OSNAP array that combines measurements along the line between Labrador, Greenland, and the European shelf. The mean state of the atmosphere from CESM (50 km, monthly) was compared to the ERA5 (25 km, monthly). Generally, the CESM model reproduces the AMOC at OSNAP well. In conclusion, this preliminary research shows that AMOC is well simulated by the Community Earth System Model in the Subpolar North Atlantic. Also, the current research proposes patterns of noise forcing over the North Atlantic Subpolar Gyre that will be used in further modeling experiments.

How to cite: Fedorov, A. M., de Jong, M. F., Wieners, C. E., and Dijkstra, H. A.: Subpolar Atlantic Meridional Overturning in Community Earth System Model (CESM): setting up the further experiment, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-6169,, 2023.