EGU23-6233, updated on 08 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Thermal maturity and depositional conditions in the Orava part of Central Carpathian Palaeogene Basin

Leszek Marynowski1, Dorota Staneczek1, and Dariusz Więcław2
Leszek Marynowski et al.
  • 1Institute of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland (
  • 2Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland

Central Carpathian Palaeogene Basin (CCPB) is a wedge-top basin that opened in the Central Western Carpathians in Lower Palaeogene. Orava sub-basin (OSB), located in N-Slovakia, comprises the NW remnants of CCPB. Based on previous studies (Środoń et al., 2006), OSB is the least mature part of CCPB. Yet, the estimated palaeotemperatures are relatively high and reach 95-100oC. Obtained results based on biomarkers study show differences in thermal maturity depending on the location of sampling sites and lithostratigraphy. Generally, maturation increases from N to S and Biely Potok (Upper Oligocene) to Huty Fm (Lower Oligocene). The occurrence of ββ-hopanes, hopenes, oleanenes, and low values of 22S/(22S+22R) homohopane ratio (~0.4), as well as 20S/(20S+20R) sterane ratio (~ 0.1 - 0.2), suggests low thermal maturity of organic matter in N and NE part of OSB. On the contrary, the S part is characterized by relatively high values of 22S/(22S+22R) ratio (>0.5), the 20S/(20S+20R) ratio (>0.4) and lack of unsaturated compounds, indicating that these units have reached the oil window stage. Rock-Eval analysis reveals the dominance of III-type kerogen in both Lower and Upper Oligocene due to terrestrial organic matter input. Biomarkers of terrestrial origin were detected in all samples including both angiosperm and gymnosperm affinity. Moreover, in less mature samples perylene is present as one of the major compound. This compound is interpreted as derived from soil and/or wood degrading fungi (Marynowski et al., 2013). In the Lower Oligocene, dysoxic to euxinic depositional environments are prevalent, which is manifested by the occurrence of isorenieratane and its derivatives, as well as small (<5µm) pyrite framboid diameters in many samples. However, a change of sedimentary conditions to oxic/dysoxic was found in Upper Oligocene samples. The results show larger framboid diameters (>5µm), a lack of isorenieratane and homohopanes with more than 33 carbon atoms in the molecule. In summary, sedimentary conditions in the Oligocene of CCPB changed from predominantly anaerobic to aerobic, with increased input of terrestrial organic matter.


This work was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland (grant 2018/31/B/ST10/00284 to LM).


Środoń, J., Kotarba, M., Biroń, A., Such, P., Clauer, N., Wojtowicz, A., 2006. Diagenetic history opf the Podhale-Orava Basin and the underlying Tatra sedimentary structural units (Western Carpathians): evidence from XRD and K-Ar of illite-smectite. Clay Miner. 41, 751–774.

Marynowski, L., Smolarek, J., Bechtel, A., Philippe, M., Kurkiewicz, S., Simoneit, B.R.T. 2013. Perylene as an indicator of conifer fossil wood degradation by wood-degrading fungi. Org. Geochem. 59, 143–151.

How to cite: Marynowski, L., Staneczek, D., and Więcław, D.: Thermal maturity and depositional conditions in the Orava part of Central Carpathian Palaeogene Basin, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-6233,, 2023.