EGU23-7457, updated on 09 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Towards the effective autoencoder architecture to detect weather anomalies

Dusan Fister1, Jorge Pérez-Aracil1, César Peláez-Rodríguez1, Marie Drouard2, Pablo G. Zaninelli2, David Barriopedro Cepero2, Ricardo García-Herrera2, and Sancho Salcedo-Sanz1
Dusan Fister et al.
  • 1Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Departamento de Teoría de la Señal y Comunicaciones, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain (
  • 2Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Departamento de Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica, Madrid

To organise weather data as images, pixels represent coordinates and magnitude of pixels represents the state of the observed variable in a given time. Observed variables, such as air temperature, mean sea level pressure, wind components and others, may be collected into higher dimensional images or even into a motion structure. Codification of formers as a spatial and the latter as a spatio-temporal allows them to be processed using the deep learning methods, for instance autoencoders and autoencoder-like architectures. The objective of the original autoencoder is to reproduce the input image as much as possible, thus effectively equalising the input and output during the training. Then, an advantage of autoencoder can be utilised to calculate the deviations between (1) true states (effectively the inputs), which are derived by nature, and the (2) expected states, which are derived by means of statistical learning. Calculated deviations can then be interpreted to identify the extreme events, such as heatwaves, hot days or any other rare events (so-called anomalies). Additionally, by modelling deviations by statistical distributions, geographical areas with higher probabilities of anomalies can be deduced at the tails of the distribution. The capability of reproduction of the (original input) images is hence crucial in order to avoid addressing arbitrary noise as anomaly. We would like to run experiments to realise the effective architecture that give reasonable solutions, verify the benefits of implementing the variational autoencoder, realise the effect of selecting various statistical loss functions, and find out the effective architecture of the decoder part of the autoencoder.

How to cite: Fister, D., Pérez-Aracil, J., Peláez-Rodríguez, C., Drouard, M., G. Zaninelli, P., Barriopedro Cepero, D., García-Herrera, R., and Salcedo-Sanz, S.: Towards the effective autoencoder architecture to detect weather anomalies, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-7457,, 2023.