EGU23-8312, updated on 25 Feb 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Characterisation of the sensitivity to bias using a gain matrix formulation for the VeSUV/VenSpec-U instrument onboard ESA’s EnVision mission

Lucile Conan1, Emmanuel Marcq1, Benjamin Lustrement1, Ann Carine Vandaele2, and Jörn Helbert3
Lucile Conan et al.
  • 1LATMOS/IPSL, Guyancourt, France
  • 2Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Brussels, Belgium
  • 3DLR Institute of Planetary Research, Berlin, Germany

Selected in 2021 as the fifth class M mission of ESA’s “Cosmic Vision” programme, EnVision is one the three next exploration mission of Venus, alongside NASA’s VERITAS and DAVINCI. EnVision will bring a holistic approach, by studying the surface and subsurface, different layers of the atmosphere, past and present volcanic activity, as well as coupling processes. To that end, the payload will include a synthetic aperture radar for surface mapping (VenSAR, NASA), a subsurface radar sounder and a radioscience experiment to monitor gravimetric and atmospheric properties.

Finally, the spectrometer suite VenSpec will investigate the surface and atmospheric compositions to analyse their relations with internal activity, using the thermal IR imager VenSpec-M and the high-resolution IR spectrometer VenSpec-H. The UV channel of the suite VenSpec-U, also called VeSUV, will focus on the atmosphere above the clouds, and aims more specifically at characterising the abundance and variability of sulphured gases such as SO and SO2, and the unidentified UV absorber. To do so, VeSUV will operate in pushbroom mode in the 190-380 nm range with an improved spectral resolution between 205 and 235 nm, and will observe the backscattered sunlight on the dayside of Venus at a spatial sampling ranging from 3 to 24 km.

In order to characterise the instrument’s performances, the sensitivity to bias is analysed using a gain matrix formulation. A perturbation is locally introduced on a synthetic spectrum and a fitting algorithm involving the same radiative transfer model is used to retrieve the atmospheric parameters, for several values of perturbation. As they are small, the assumption of a linear relation between the perturbation and the resulting error on the estimated parameters is made, their ratio corresponding to the matrix element. This method allows a conversion between the measured signal and the atmospheric parameters independently from the bias spectrum (e.g. straylight, calibration error, contamination during mission), as it is computed separately for each wavelength.

How to cite: Conan, L., Marcq, E., Lustrement, B., Vandaele, A. C., and Helbert, J.: Characterisation of the sensitivity to bias using a gain matrix formulation for the VeSUV/VenSpec-U instrument onboard ESA’s EnVision mission, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-8312,, 2023.