EGU23-835, updated on 24 Apr 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Assessment of climatic season changes in Ukraine during 21st century based on an ensemble of 34 RCM projections of Euro-CORDEX

Svitlana Krakovska1,2, Vira Balabukh1, Anastasiia Chyhareva1, Tetiana Shpytal1, Larysa Pysarenko1, Iryna Trofimova1, and Lidiia Kryshtop2
Svitlana Krakovska et al.
  • 1Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Institute, Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Kiev, Ukraine (
  • 2EGIS Ukraina, Kyiv, Ukraine

The last decade proved to be the warmest in Ukraine for the whole period of instrumental weather observations. Recent and projected future warming will cause changes in the duration of climatic seasons in Ukraine with corresponding shifts in dates of their start and end.

As specified by the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices, climatic seasons are determined as periods from the first day after the start of a year to the first date after 1 July when at least 6 consecutive days mean daily temperature (t) exceeds (drops under) different thresholds. We analysed four climatic periods: warm period (t>0oC), growing season (t>5oC), active vegetation (t>10oC), and summer season (t>15oC).

To assess these projected changes bias-adjusted daily data of EuroCORDEX were used from 34 regional climate models for RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios for 3 future periods: near-term 2021-2040, mid-term 2041-2060 and far-term 2081-2100. Data of ensemble mean for two scenarios firstly were compared with E-Obs v20.0e results in the base period 1991-2010 and showed different biases for different climatic seasons, but very similar behaviour for both scenarios and both variables (length and start of climatic seasons). The least biases (< 0.5 days) were obtained for growing season, while biases reached -10 days for length of warm season and were within 1-3 days for other two seasons.

In general by the end of the century, under the RCP4.5 scenario in Ukraine, all analysed climatic season lengths may be the same as in the middle of the century under the RCP8.5 scenario.

By the end of the century, for the RCP8.5 scenario, the changes in the climatic seasons range from 40 to almost 70 days, increasing from east to west. As a result, in the coldest in Ukraine region winter is projected to last only from 10 to 30 days, and the vegetation will last throughout the year not only at the southern coast of the Black Sea but also the steppe part of the Crimea and some southern parts of Odesa region. There are almost no differences between scenarios for growing season length, start and end days in the near-term. The area with the longest growing season (from 240 to 260 days) will extend almost 200 km to the north.  

Under the RCP8.5 scenario, the length of active vegetation at the end of the century can range from 200 to 240 days, and in the Crimea and the south of Odesa region - 240-285 days, and summer length can vary from 140 days in the north to over half-year in the Crimea and southern Odesa. At the end of the 21st century, projected summer in Polissya will be as in the Crimea now - 140-160 days. Such climatic conditions were not observed in Ukraine previously. Increasing the length of the growing season and the period of active vegetation will strengthen the agro-climatic potential of Ukraine and contribute to obtaining higher yields of crops if corresponding measures in providing enough water supply will be implemented.

How to cite: Krakovska, S., Balabukh, V., Chyhareva, A., Shpytal, T., Pysarenko, L., Trofimova, I., and Kryshtop, L.: Assessment of climatic season changes in Ukraine during 21st century based on an ensemble of 34 RCM projections of Euro-CORDEX, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-835,, 2023.