EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Resolution-enhanced Hyperspectral EnMAP data: CubeSat-based high resolution data fusion approach

Victor Angulo, Kasper Johansen, Jorge Rodriguez, Omar Lopez, Jamal Elfarkh, and Matthew McCabe
Victor Angulo et al.
  • Hydrology, Agriculture and Land Observation (HALO) Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

Hyperspectral (HS) images obtained from space are useful for monitoring different natural phenomena on regional to global scales. The Environmental Mapping and Analysis Program (EnMAP) is a satellite recently launched by Germany to monitor the environment and explore the capabilities of hyperspectral sensors in the 420 and 2450 nm range of the spectrum. However, the data captured by the EnMAP mission have a ground sampling distance (GSD) of 30 m. This limits the use of the data for some applications that require higher spatial resolution (<10 m). This study examines the potential for improving the resolution of hyperspectral data using high resolution multispectral (MS) data obtained by Cubesats. Specifically, this work uses the data captured by the PlanetScope constellation, which has more than 150 CubeSats in low Earth orbit, with a high spatial and temporal resolution. The approach adopted leverages (1) the spectral capability of the hyperspectral EnMAP sensor, with a bandwidth of 6.5 nm in the visible and near infrared (VNIR) range (420–1000 nm) and 10 nm in the SWIR range (900–2450 nm), and (2) the spatial capability of the multispectral PlanetScope data, with a GSD of 3 meters, to enable significant spatial improvements due to its high spatial resolution. The main components of this work include: (i) area of interest clipping (ii) data co-registration, (iii) HS-MS data fusion, and (iv) quality assessments using the Jointly Spectral and Spatial Quality Index (QNR). In this study, a 2 km x 2 km area of interest was selected in the Malaucene region of France, where six state-of-the-art HS-MS fusion methods were evaluated: (1) fast multi-band image fusion algorithm (FUSE), (2) coupled nonnegative matrix factorization (CNMF), (3) smoothing filtered-based intensity modulation (SFIMHS), (4) maximum a posteriori stochastic mixing model (MAPSMM), (5) Hyperspectral Superresolution (HySure), and (6) generalized laplacian pyramid hypersharpening (GLPHS). Quality assessments of the enhanced data showed that high spectral and spatial fidelity are maintained, with the best performing fusion method being FUSE with a QNR of 0.625 followed by the MAPSMM method with a QNR of 0.604. Overall, this study advocates the benefits associated with the fusion of hyperspectral and multispectral data to obtain enhanced EnMAP data at 3 m GSD. 

How to cite: Angulo, V., Johansen, K., Rodriguez, J., Lopez, O., Elfarkh, J., and McCabe, M.: Resolution-enhanced Hyperspectral EnMAP data: CubeSat-based high resolution data fusion approach, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-9489,, 2023.