EGU24-10221, updated on 19 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The GEMS IUP-UB tropospheric NO2 product – sensitivity studies and first results

Andreas Richter1, Kezia Lange1, John P. Burrows1, Hartmut Boesch1, Si-Wan Kim2, Seunghwan Seo2, Kyoung-Min Kim2, Hyunkee Hong3, Hanlim Lee4, and Junsung Park4
Andreas Richter et al.
  • 1University of Bremen, Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP), Physics, Bremen, Germany (
  • 2Irreversible Climate Change Research Center, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 3National Institute of Environmental Research, Incheon, Republic of Korea
  • 4Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea

Nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO + NO2) are among the most important pollutants in the atmosphere. They impact tropospheric ozone chemistry, contribute to particle formation and adversely affect human health.

The monitoring of NO2 is mainly performed by surface in-situ networks. Satellite observations can contribute by providing a large-scale picture and covering regions without in-situ observations. The satellite instruments traditionally used for NO2 retrieval (GOME, SCIAMACHY, OMI, TROPOMI) operate on low-earth orbiting platforms, providing global coverage but only one or two measurements per day. The Korean GEMS instrument, launched in February 2020, is the first in a series of geostationary observation platforms allowing hourly measurements of NO2 from space.

Based on the work performed in preparation for the European S4 satellite, a tropospheric NO2 retrieval for GEMS has been developed at IUP-UB. This product focuses on achieving low noise and high accuracy by optimising the fitting window and including corrections for instrument polarisation sensitivity and scene inhomogeneity. Stratospheric correction is performed using different approaches to investigate the impact on the tropospheric columns. For the airmass factors, cloud correction is applied using cloud fractions derived after correction for calibration issues in GEMS irradiance measurements. The resulting tropospheric columns for the first three years of GEMS operation show excellent agreement with the operational TROPOMI NO2 product at the time of TROPOMI overpass. They also exhibit systematic and variable daily patterns, which depend on season and location.

How to cite: Richter, A., Lange, K., Burrows, J. P., Boesch, H., Kim, S.-W., Seo, S., Kim, K.-M., Hong, H., Lee, H., and Park, J.: The GEMS IUP-UB tropospheric NO2 product – sensitivity studies and first results, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-10221,, 2024.