EGU24-11372, updated on 09 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Combined approach for hillslope hydrogeological assessment in rainfall-induced shallow landslides prone area.

Valerio Vivaldi, Massimiliano Bordoni, Patrizio Torrese, and Claudia Meisina
Valerio Vivaldi et al.
  • Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy (

In the last years extreme rainfall events and seasonal cumulated rainfall distribution variations occurred, increasing also the arise of slope instabilities, mostly in the more susceptible areas.

Heavy rainfall events are one of the main triggering factors in shallow landslides occurrence: therefore, a better understanding of the trigger processes is necessary, also for early warning systems development and improvement. The soil water content of the first 3-5 meters of soil becomes thus an important shallow landslide predisposing factor to monitor. At this purpose, the mainly employed technique for soil moisture monitoring is the in-situ measurement, through different types of soil probes directly installed in the first soil layers. However, despite being a very precise technique, this monitoring technique provides only for a punctual dataset.

An integrated method to extend the hydrological characterization from site-specific to a slope scale is presented, combining geotechnical analyses, field data monitoring and geophysical investigations, in particular the electrical resistivity tomography (ERT).

Geophysical models of the first subsoil were carried out through different geoelectrical investigations (2D-3D-4D) and were calibrated and interpreted based on soil monitoring data, stratigraphic logs and trenches carried out in the study areas.

Estimation of the test sites average bulk permeability was performed through time-lapse 3D-S surveys, carried out by simulating very intense precipitations through manual irrigation, that allowed to determine the resistivity variation from undisturbed to disturbed conditions.

Finally, resistivity variations were correlated to soil horizons geotechnical parameters to perform hydrogeological conceptual models of the first soil horizons.

This conference abstract is part of the project NODES which has received funding from the MUR – M4C2 1.5 of PNRR funded by the European Union - NextGenerationEU (Grant agreement no. ECS00000036).

How to cite: Vivaldi, V., Bordoni, M., Torrese, P., and Meisina, C.: Combined approach for hillslope hydrogeological assessment in rainfall-induced shallow landslides prone area., EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-11372,, 2024.