EGU24-11565, updated on 09 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Advancing soil moisture estimation across scales: insights from the SoMMet Project 

Sadra Emamalizadeh1, Alessandro Pirola2, Cinzia Alessandrini2, Anna Balenzano3, and Gabriele Baroni1
Sadra Emamalizadeh et al.
  • 1DISTAL, University of Bologna, Italy
  • 2Arpae Emilia Romagna, Italy
  • 3National Research Council of Italy (CNR)

The accurate estimation of soil moisture is fundamental for understanding hydrological processes and optimizing water resource management, particularly in agricultural areas. The SoMMet project, a joint research project within the Programme 'European Partnership on Metrology' of EURAMET, contributes significantly to this field by developing and establishing a metrological framework for soil moisture measurements covering lateral scales ranging from the decimetre to kilometre. Among the different research activities, the project aims to compare and harmonize various soil moisture observation methods, addressing their uncertainty, sensing volume, and systematic effects. This involves a systematic review of methods, comparison of their spatial and temporal characteristics, and the development of a harmonization approach.

In line with these activities, in this contribution we present the comparison performed between a remote sensing product, Soil Water Index (SWI) by Copernicus Global Land Service (CGLS), and soil moisture estimated by ground-based Cosmic-Ray Neutron Sensors (CRNS). The study, conducted in 4 sites in Northern Italy, spans the entire growing season of 2021 and incorporates SWI data at multiple depths. We explore the correlation between vegetation vigor (NDVI) and soil moisture trends to understand the spatial mismatch among soil moisture products. The results show a general good correlation between remote sensing and ground measurements. The agreement between the two soil moisture observations, however, is not consistent in time. The differences are mainly attributed to the role of the vegetation.

This research is pivotal for identifying representative spots for ground measurements, enhancing the utility of soil moisture products across applications. In conclusion, our abstract showcases the importance of advancing soil moisture estimation methods, addressing uncertainties and representativeness. The integration of metrological principles, harmonization approaches, and comparisons between different observation methods demonstrates the holistic approach in enhancing our understanding of soil-water dynamics.

How to cite: Emamalizadeh, S., Pirola, A., Alessandrini, C., Balenzano, A., and Baroni, G.: Advancing soil moisture estimation across scales: insights from the SoMMet Project , EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-11565,, 2024.