EGU24-14173, updated on 09 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A New Era of Air Quality Monitoring from Space overNorth America with TEMPO: Commissioning and Early Nominal Operation Results

Xiong Liu1, Kelly Chance1, Raid Suleiman1, John Houck1, John Davis1, Gonzalo Gonzalez Abad1, Caroline Nowlan1, Huiqun Wang1, Heesung Chong1, Weizhen Hou1, and the TEMPO Team*
Xiong Liu et al.
  • 1Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, Division of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Cambridge, United States of America (
  • *A full list of authors appears at the end of the abstract

We present an overview of the initial data products of TEMPO during its commissioning and early nominal operation and preliminary comparison with correlative satellite and ground-based observations.

TEMPO is NASA’s first Earth Venture Instrument (EVI) and first host payload. It measures hourly daytime atmospheric pollution over North America from Mexico City to the Canadian oil sands, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific, at high spatiotemporal resolution (~10 km2 at boresight) from the geostationary (GEO) orbit. It uses UV/visible spectroscopy (293-493 nm, 538-741 nm) to measure O3 profiles including lower tropospheric O3 and columns of NO2, H2CO, SO2, C2H2O2, H2O, BrO, IO, as well as clouds aerosols, and UVB. TEMPO provides a tropospheric measurement suite that includes the key elements of tropospheric air pollution chemistry and captures the inherent high variability in the diurnal cycle of emissions and chemistry. The TEMPO instrument was built by Ball in 2018. It was integrated into the host commercial communication satellite Intelsat 40e (IS-40e) by Maxar. IS-40e was successfully launched on April 7 by a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket on to the GEO orbit at 91°W. The TEMPO Instrument powered up for the first time on orbit in early June to start its commissioning. After a month of dry out and activation, TEMPO first light of solar and earth measurements occurred on July 31-August 2. Nominal operation started on 19 October 2023 after the commissioning phase and the post-launch acceptance review. Science data products are archived and distributed at NASA’s ASDC and will be released to the public in approximately February 2024 for L1b and in April 2024 for L2/3. TEMPO is part of a geostationary constellation to measure air quality along with GEMS (launched in Feb. 2020) over Asia and Sentinel-4 (to launch in 2024) over Europe.


Kevin Daugherty, David Flittner, Christopher Chan Miller, Juseon Bak, James L Carr, Crystal Fenn, David M. Rosenbaum, Jim Szykman, Mike Newchurch, Aaron Naeger, Ron Cohen, Zolal Ayazpour, Christopher Brown, Laurel Carpenter, Zachary Fasnacht, Marcellin Feasson, Jean Fitzmaurice, Jeff Geddes, Dave Haffner, Jay Herman, Joanna Joiner, Laura Judd, Emma Knowland, Nischal Mistra, Robert T. Neece, Ewan O’Sullivan, Brad Pierce, Wenhan Qin, Eric Roback, Justin Strickland, Robert Spurr, Luke Valin, Alexander Vasilkov, Eun-su Yang, and the entire TEMPO team

How to cite: Liu, X., Chance, K., Suleiman, R., Houck, J., Davis, J., Gonzalez Abad, G., Nowlan, C., Wang, H., Chong, H., and Hou, W. and the TEMPO Team: A New Era of Air Quality Monitoring from Space overNorth America with TEMPO: Commissioning and Early Nominal Operation Results, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-14173,, 2024.