EGU24-1493, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Overview of Secondary Ice Production In the Deep Convective Microphysics Experiment (DCMEX)

Kezhen Hu1, Gary Lloyd1, HuiHui Wu1, Keith Bower1, Mike Flynn1, Nike Marsden1, Tom Choularton1, Martin Daily2, Ben Murray2, Hugh Coe1, Paul Connolly1, Graeme Nott3, Chris Reed3, Waldemar Schledewitz4, Martin Gallagher1, and Alan Blyth2
Kezhen Hu et al.
  • 1university of manchester, environmental science, United Kingdom of Great Britain – England, Scotland, Wales (
  • 2University of Leeds, School of Earth & Environment, Leeds, UK.
  • 3Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM), FAAM, Cranfield UK
  • 4Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz Germany.

Secondary ice formation has long been a problem in cloud physics. This affects the radiation properties, precipitation development and the lifetime of mixed-phase clouds.  We conducted multiple flights over the Magdalena Mountain region in New Mexico to provide high-resolution information on the spatio-temporal distribution of ice phase evolution and the linkage between convective cloud thermodynamic and secondary ice processes. A combination of high-resolution cloud spectrometers (including 3VCPI, 2DS, HVPS, and CDP) were used to provide measurements of the evolution of cloud particle and precipitation concentrations, sizes, and morphology. Those data were used to identify and assess primary and secondary ice production (SIP) contributions compared with measured INP concentrations to characterise the frequency of SIP events, where precipitation particles first form and how they interact with cloud dynamics. The initial results suggest that most ice enhancement events in these clouds occurred in the temperature range of -5 °C to -10 °C, while occasionally even larger concentrations were observed between -22.5 °C and -25 °C. The results also show that observed secondary ice in the temperature range from -25 °C to -30 °C was more related to the updraft regions. The next step is to produce more detailed explanations and results by examining these data in conjunction with the cloud thermodynamic background.


How to cite: Hu, K., Lloyd, G., Wu, H., Bower, K., Flynn, M., Marsden, N., Choularton, T., Daily, M., Murray, B., Coe, H., Connolly, P., Nott, G., Reed, C., Schledewitz, W., Gallagher, M., and Blyth, A.: Overview of Secondary Ice Production In the Deep Convective Microphysics Experiment (DCMEX), EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-1493,, 2024.