EGU24-20172, updated on 11 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

How does future seasonal variability in rainfall affect landslide-prone areas?

Mateja Jemec Auflič1, Nejc Bezak2, Ela Šegina1, Peter Frantar3, Stefano Luigi Gariano4, Anže Medved3, and Tina Peternel1
Mateja Jemec Auflič et al.
  • 1Geological Survey of Slovenia, Geological information center, Ljubljana, Slovenia (
  • 2University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Jamova cesta 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 3Slovenian Environmental Agency, Vojkova 1b, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 4CNR-IRPI (Italian National Research Council), Via Madonna Alta, 126, 06128 Perugia, Italy

During the next few decades, changes in rainfall frequency and magnitude are expected to have major impacts on landscape evolution, social, and economic aspects of human society.

We focus on seasonal rainfall variations by the end of the 21st century to define affected landslide-prone areas, future landslide alerts and the impact of shllow and deep-seated landslides on landscape development in the juncture of the Alpine, Pannonian, and Mediterranean region. For this work, we selected the six regional climate models (RCMs) from the EURO-CORDEX project, with the global climate simulations from CMIP5 (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase) driven by the six global circulation models (GCMs).  Of the two available spatial resolutions, i.e., 0.11° (12.5 km) and 0.44° (50 km), we considered the 0.11° spatial resolution with a regular 12.5 km grid with spacing between computational points. Six models were selected from 14 combinations of GCMs and RCMs that differ as much as possible from each other while reflecting as closely as possible the measured values of past climate variables. For this study, we considered climate scenarios variable: the daily rainfall datasets of two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP), namely RCP4.5 (mid-way) and RCP8.5 (worst-case) for the time window from 1981 to 2100. Daily rainfall data were downscaled from 12.5 km resolution to 1 km. The downscaling of the data was performed daily for all six RCMs. To analyse future climate impact on landslides, the calculated models were divided into three 30-year projection periods: 1st period (near-term) between 2011-2040, 2nd period (mid-century) between 2041-2070, 3rd period (end of the century) between 2071-2100. To show the characteristics of seasonal variations, shorter periods within a year were considered, namely four meteorological seasons: winter (December, January, February), spring (March, April, May), summer (June, July, August), and autumn (September, October, November). Future projections represent a 30-year maximum rainfall from the 30-year baseline period in the past (1981-2010).

The observed changes in the occurrence of shallow landslides are significant, especially in the winter months, where we can expect more landslide-prone areas compared to the baseline period. Shallow landslides will have a greater impact on the landscape in spring and summer than deep-seated landslides, especially in vineyards.


This work was supported by the by the Slovenian Research and Innovation Agency (the research project J1-3024). Additional financial support was provided by the project “Development of research infrastructure for the international competitiveness of the Slovenian RRI space – RI-SI-EPOS” (co-financed by the Republic of Slovenia, Ministry of Education, Science and Sport and the European Union from the European Regional Development Fund).


Jemec Auflič, M., Bezak, N., Šegina, E. et al. Climate change increases the number of landslides at the juncture of the Alpine, Pannonian and Mediterranean regions. Sci Rep 13, 23085 (2023).

How to cite: Jemec Auflič, M., Bezak, N., Šegina, E., Frantar, P., Gariano, S. L., Medved, A., and Peternel, T.: How does future seasonal variability in rainfall affect landslide-prone areas?, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-20172,, 2024.

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