EGU24-20323, updated on 11 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Fluid pathways and metamorphic evolution in the northern part of the Bergen Arcs: the island of Krossøy

Lorena Hernández Filiberto1, Håkon Austrheim2, and Andrew Putnis1,3
Lorena Hernández Filiberto et al.
  • 1University of Münster, Institut of Mineralogy, Mineralogy, Germany (
  • 2The Njord Centre, University of Oslo, 0136 Oslo, Norway (
  • 3School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, 6845, Australia (

Fluid migration within the Earth's crust significantly influences the development of shear zones. The Bergen Arcs have been a focal point for investigating the localization of rheologically weaker zones that facilitate shear zone formation, with various hypotheses proposed (Jamtveit et al. 2019; Incel et al. 2022). These zones may originate from seismic events, inducing brittle fracturing and creating pathways for mineral re-equilibration and ductile deformation.

This research concentrates on the island of Krossøy, located in the northernmost part of the Bergen Arcs, Western Norway, offering a unique perspective on deformation, textural evolution, and metamorphism compared to the extensively studied southern regions of Holsnøy and Radøy (Austrheim 1987; Mukai et al. 2014; Moore et al. 2020). Krossøy exposes anorthosites from the old granulitic basement, intruded by a series of subparallel mafic granulitic dykes forming a distinctive "dyke swarm," not documented elsewhere in the Bergen Arcs. We present our results on microstructural analysis through Electron Backscattered Diffraction (EBSD) and, mineral and chemical evolution using Electron Microprobe analysis (EMPA).

Given the plagioclase-rich nature of anorthosites, our results delineate the chemical and textural evolution of feldspars, tracing their journey from early-stage granulitic anorthosite formation approximately 930 Ma ago to the development of Caledonian mylonite (440-420 Ma) during shear zone activity under amphibolite facies conditions. By examining the fluid pathways, we seek to determine their relationship with the formation of rheologically weaker areas in the crust and how the dynamic interplay between fluid infiltration and deformation mechanisms may play an important role by changing the metamorphic conditions, textures and mineral assemblages in the rocks.

Austrheim, H. (1987). Eclogitization of lower crustal granulites by fluid migration through shear zones. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 81(2–3), 221-232.

Incel, S., Labrousse, L., Hilairet, N. et al. (2022). Reaction-induced embrittlement of the lower continental crust. Geology, 47(3).

Jamtveit, B., Petley‐Ragan, A. et al. (2019). The Effects of Earthquakes and Fluids on the Metamorphism of the Lower Continental Crust. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 124(8), 7725-7755.

Moore J., Beinlich A., Piazolo S., Austrheim H. and Putnis A. Metamorphic differentiation via enhanced dissolution along high permeability zones. Journal of Petrology 61, 10, egaa096 (2020)

Mukai, H., Austrheim, H., Putnis, C. V., and Putnis, A. (2014). Textural Evolution of Plagioclase Feldspar across a Shear Zone: Implications for Deformation Mechanism and Rock Strength Journal of Petrology, 55(8), 1457-1477.

How to cite: Hernández Filiberto, L., Austrheim, H., and Putnis, A.: Fluid pathways and metamorphic evolution in the northern part of the Bergen Arcs: the island of Krossøy, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-20323,, 2024.