EGU24-20419, updated on 11 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Stratospheric observations of carbonyl sulfide using AirCore and LISA

Alessandro Zanchetta1, Steven van Heuven1, Jin Ma2, Maarten Krol2,3, and Huilin Chen1,4
Alessandro Zanchetta et al.
  • 1University of Groningen, ESRIG, CIO, Groningen, Netherlands (
  • 2Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 3Meteorology and Air Quality, Wageningen University and Research Center, Wageningen, The Netherlands
  • 4Joint International Research Laboratory of Atmospheric and Earth System Sciences, School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

Carbonyl sulfide (COS) is a long-lived sulfur compound present in the atmosphere with an average mole fraction of around 450-500 ppt, and is considered as a potential tracer to partition gross primary production (GPP) and net ecosystem exchange (NEE) in plants’ photosynthesis, possibly by satellite observations. However, its sources and sinks  are not fully understood, and remote sensing observations of COS still require validation and need to be linked with a reference measurement scale, e.g., NOAA’s. In this work, we present vertical profiles of COS mole fractions obtained in Trainou, France (47°58' N, 2°06' E) in June 2019, in Kiruna, Sweden (67°53' N, 21°04' E) in August 2021, and in Sodankylä, Finland (67°22'N, 26°37'E) in August 2023 using AirCore samplers and two versions of the lightweight stratospheric air (LISA) sampler. Additionally, simultaneous measurements of CO2, CO, CH4 and N2O have been made. Measurement methods (i.e., LISA vs AirCore) will be compared. Moreover, the retrieved COS profiles will be compared with COS FTIR remote sensing observations and COS simulations from the TM5-4DVAR modeling system, to get a better understanding of the behavior of these species in the stratosphere, i.e., the sources and the sinks of COS, as well as vertical structures due to atmospheric transport. Furthermore, these stratospheric observations could be used to estimate the stratospheric lifetime of COS. These findings will improve our understanding of the budget and the variabilities of COS in the stratosphere, and advance the use of remote sensing observations of COS from satellite and ground-based spectrometers to study the global cycle of COS.

How to cite: Zanchetta, A., van Heuven, S., Ma, J., Krol, M., and Chen, H.: Stratospheric observations of carbonyl sulfide using AirCore and LISA, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-20419,, 2024.