EGU24-2375, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Horizontally Explicit Vertically Implicit (HEVI) Time-Integrators for a Non-Hydrostatic Whole Atmosphere Models

James F. Kelly1, Francis X. Giraldo2, P. Alex Reinecke3, Felipe Alves2, Cory A. Barton1, and Stephen D. Eckermann1
James F. Kelly et al.
  • 1US Naval Research Lab, Space Science Division, Washington, DC, USA (
  • 2Dept. of Applied Mathematics, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA
  • 3Marine Meteorology Division, U.S. Naval Research Lab, Monterey, CA, USA

The U.S. Navy is building a coupled thermosphere-ionosphere prediction system.  As part of this project, we are developing a new dynamical core (DyCore) extending from the ground to the exobase (~500 km).  The DyCore must be able to handle large variations in both temperature and composition, which motivates a new Horizontally Explicit Vertically Implicit (HEVI) time integrator.  Unlike traditional linear Implicit-EXplicit (IMEX) methods commonly used in numerical weather prediction (NWP), HEVI does not require a fixed reference state.  Our DyCore combines HEVI with a Specific Internal Energy Equation (SIEE) and a Spectral Element Method (SEM) spatial discretization to form a robust, whole-atmosphere model for the neutral atmosphere.  We present results for two test cases using the proposed DyCore: an idealized heating/cooling test extending into the middle thermosphere and a perturbation experiment yielding nonhydrostatic baroclinic instability. The idealized heating/cooling test, which is compared to corresponding results from the hydrostatic Navy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM), demonstrates that HEVI is more robust than traditional linear IMEX methods.  The baroclinic instability test shows that HEVI, when combined with a banded lower-upper (LU) direct solve, is efficient and allows a large timestep.  These numerical results suggest that our HEVI-enabled DyCore is a good candidate for the proposed thermosphere-ionosphere prediction system.

This work was funded by the Office of Naval Research Marine Meteorology and Space Weather program.

How to cite: Kelly, J. F., Giraldo, F. X., Reinecke, P. A., Alves, F., Barton, C. A., and Eckermann, S. D.: Horizontally Explicit Vertically Implicit (HEVI) Time-Integrators for a Non-Hydrostatic Whole Atmosphere Models, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-2375,, 2024.