EGU24-3499, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A Hybrid Machine Learning Climate Simulation Using High Resolution Convection Modelling

James Briant1, Dan Giles2, Cyril Morcrette3, and Serge Guillas1
James Briant et al.
  • 1Statistical Science, UCL, London, UK
  • 2Computer Science, UCL, London, UK
  • 3Met Office, Exeter, UK

Underrepresentation of cloud formation is a known failing in current climate simulations. The coarse grid resolution required by the computational constraint of integrating over long time scales does not permit the inclusion of underlying cloud generating physical processes. This work employs a multi-output Gaussian Process (MOGP) trained on high resolution Unified Model (UM) simulation data to predict the variability of temperature and specific humidity fields within the climate model. A proof-of-concept study has been carried out where a trained MOGP model is coupled in-situ with a simplified Atmospheric General Circulation Model (AGCM) named SPEEDY. The temperature and specific humidity profiles of the SPEEDY model outputs are perturbed at each timestep according to the predicted high resolution informed variability. 10-year forecasts are generated for both default SPEEDY and ML-hybrid SPEEDY models and output fields are compared ensuring hybrid model predictions remain representative of Earth's atmosphere. Some changes in the precipitation, outgoing longwave and shortwave radiation patterns are observed indicating modelling improvements in the complex region surrounding India and the Indian sea.

How to cite: Briant, J., Giles, D., Morcrette, C., and Guillas, S.: A Hybrid Machine Learning Climate Simulation Using High Resolution Convection Modelling, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-3499,, 2024.