EGU24-4498, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Role of sediment-derived melts in Mo cycling of subduction zone

Feng Huang1, Jie Li2, Jifeng Xu1, and Yunchuan Zeng1
Feng Huang et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, and School of Earth Science and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
  • 2State Key Laboratory of Isotope Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China

While heavy molybdenum (Mo) isotope compositions in arc-related rocks have been linked to slab-derived fluids, the origins of arc lavas with light isotopic Mo compositions remain enigmatic. The two potential sources for the origin of light Mo isotopes in arc rocks are (1) dehydrated oceanic crust 1, 2 and (2) subducting sediments 3, 4. Although the former has been extensively recognized, the latter still poses an enigma. We present the Mo-Sr-Nd-Hf isotope compositions and elemental data of a suite of Jiang Tso andesites to elucidate the chemical compositions of sediment-derived melts in the central Tibetan Plateau. The andesites from the Jiang Tso area show elevated Mg# values, along with trace element characteristics reminiscent of melts derived from sediments. Their Sr-Nd-Hf isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sri = 0.710260–0.710671, εNd(t) = –10.63 to –8.97, and εHf(t) = –9.38 to –8.02) closely resemble those of contemporaneous sediments in the central Tibetan Plateau. In addition, these andesites exhibit higher Ce/Mo ratios (396–587) and extremely lighter δ98/95Mo values (−1.62‰ to −0.69‰) compared to the depleted mantle (δ98/95Mo = –0.21‰ ± 0.02‰) 5, 6 and the majority of arc lavas (δ98/95Mo = –0.07‰ ± 0.04‰) 3, suggesting a more plausible explanation lies in the involvement of subducting sediments rather than dehydrated oceanic crust in the source. Our latest findings, integrated with previous studies, indicate that the arc-related rocks exhibiting light Mo isotopes may not solely originate from the rutile-breakdown oceanic crust source but could also result from sediment melting at various sub-arc depths. Consequently, sediment-derived melts play a crucial role in Mo isotope cycling and the formation of arc magmas in subduction zones.


1 Chen, S., et al., Nat. Comm. 10, 4773 (2019). 2 Freymuth, H., et al., EPSL 432, 176-186 (2015). 3 Huang, F., et al., GCA 341, 75-89 (2023). 4 König, S., et al., EPSL 447, 95-102 (2016). 5 McCoy-West, A.J., et al., Nat. Geos.12, 946-951 (2019). 6 Willbold, M. & Elliott T., CG 449, 253-268 (2017).

How to cite: Huang, F., Li, J., Xu, J., and Zeng, Y.: Role of sediment-derived melts in Mo cycling of subduction zone, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-4498,, 2024.

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