EGU24-471, updated on 08 Mar 2024
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu24-471
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Sensitivity Analysis of Filtering Methods for Tropical Easterly Waves Classification

Maria Juliana Valencia Betancur1,2, Johanna Yepes2, John F. Mejia3, Alejandro Builes-Jaramillo2, and Hernan D. Salas4
Maria Juliana Valencia Betancur et al.
  • 1Facultad de Minas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín, Colombia
  • 2Colegio Mayor de Antioquia, Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
  • 3Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada.
  • 4Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Aplicadas, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Medellín, Colombia.

Tropical easterly waves (TEWs) are quasi-periodic wave disturbances found within the easterly trade winds during boreal summer and autumn. They influence the synoptic-scale circulation dynamics in tropical America and contribute up to 50% of the seasonal precipitation (June to November) over northern South America. This study evaluates the sensitivity of different spectral bands in classifying TEWs based on daily vorticity at 700 hPa during the Organization of Tropical East Pacific Convection (OTREC) campaign. TEWs were identified in real-time using data from NOAA's Marine Tropical Surface Analysis. Complementarily, we refined TEWs identification by correlating it with 700 hPa filtered relative cyclonic vorticity from ERA5. To consider the uncertainties associated with the TEWs chronology selection, we employed two filtering methodologies: the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) with periodicity bands of 3–10 days, 2.5–12 days, and 2.5–15 days, as well as the Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (EEMD) with periodicity bands of 3–6 days, 4-12 days, and 3–15 days. Thirteen TEWs were initially reported by NOAA as crossing the Caribbean at 80°W. In our study, we further analyzed these waves by correlating areas characterized by westward-moving features of filtered relative cyclonic vorticity at the same longitude. Through this analysis, distinct classifications emerged using different filters, revealing the presence of 5 to 9 TEWs. The results show that TEWs classification is sensible to the filtering methods and periodicity band windows.

How to cite: Valencia Betancur, M. J., Yepes, J., Mejia, J. F., Builes-Jaramillo, A., and Salas, H. D.: Sensitivity Analysis of Filtering Methods for Tropical Easterly Waves Classification, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-471, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu24-471, 2024.

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